Colorado River toad information
One of the largest toads found in North America The Colorado river toad also known as the sonoran desert toad. Its toxin, as an exudate of glands within the skin, contains 5-MeO-DMT and bufotenin.
Distribution and habitat
The Colorado river toad lives in desert and semi-arid areas.It is semi-aquatic and usually lives near large streams. It thrives in areas of oak-pine woodlands, grasslands, desert scrub, thorn scrub, and various parts of deciduous forests in this region. The sonoran desert toad is found in the lower Colorado river and the gila river catchment areas, in southeastern california, New Mexico, mexico and much of southern Arizona.
Colorado River toad characteristics
The sonoran desert toad can grow to about 190 mm long. it is olive green to dark brown in color. it has smooth, shiny skin covered in warts. These warts are the toads defence system as they produce a mild venom that contains bufotenin and 5-MeO-DMT.
Scientific Name: Poecilia reticulata
Lifespan: 3 – 5 years
Origin: Central America
Common Names: Guppy, Fancy Tail Guppy, Millions Fish, Rainbow Fish
Size: 2 inches (5 cm)
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Amphibia
- Order: Anura
- Family: Bufonidae
- Genus: Incilius
- Species: I. alvarius
Colorado River toad facts
- The Colorado River toad also known as the Sonoran Desert toad.
- It is found in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States.
- The sonoran desert toad is nocturnal and stays underground during the heat of the day.
- It thrives in areas of oak-pine woodlands, grasslands, desert scrub, thorn scrub, and various parts of deciduous forests in this region.
- Its toxin, as an exudate of glands within the skin, contains 5-MeO-DMT and bufotenin.
Colorado River toad Behavior / Lifecycle
The sonoran desert toad is nocturnal and stays underground during the heat of the day. when a sonoran desert toad is threatened, it secretes a milky-white hallucinogenic toxin from the parotoid glands under its jaw. The breeding season starts in may, when the rainy season begins, and can last up to August. the female toad will lay up to 8,000 eggs. after breeding season is over, the Colorado river toad returns to its burrow, where it spends the winter.
Feeding for Colorado River toad
These toads are carnivores that love feeding on a range of insects. Like several different toads, they’re active foragers and go after invertebrates, lizards, tiny mammals, and amphibians. whereas adult toads sometimes like beetles over different species, they don’t hesitate to hunt different tiny vertebrates. they need a protracted, sticky tongue that helps them to catch their prey.
Photo of Colorado River toad
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