Peruvian Guinea Pig are now extremely popular pets. they are very friendly and have no tendency to bite or scratch. The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also called domestic cavy or simply cavy, is a species of rodent happiness to the family caviidae and the genus cavia.
The Peruvian guinea pig is the ultimate ice-breaker for friends and family coming over for dinner. This majestic-looking guinea pig with long, flowing hair is truly a unique breed of guinea pig and not your average household pet.
Peruvian guinea pigs are the best known and most spectacular of the long haired guinea pig breeds and their long, silky hair will grow to floor length (12 to 14 inches) or even longer in show specimens. Despite their common name, these animals are not in the pig family suidae, nor do they come from Guinea in africa.
Content Overview of Peruvian Guinea Pig
- Distribution and habitat
- Basic characteristics
- Peruvian Guinea Pig for sale
- Peruvian Guinea Pig photo
History of Peruvian Guinea Pig
The guinea pig was 1st domesticated as early as 5000 bc for food by tribes in the andean region of South America some thousands of years after the domestication of the South american camelids. Pigs are native to South America. Specifically, they are thought to originate from countries such as Bolivia, Argentina and of course, Peru. They were brought to Paris in the late 1800s, and then brought to the united states.
Statues dating from circa 500 bc to 500 AD that depict guinea pigs have been unearthed in archaeological digs in peru and ecuador. in the 1700s Dutch and English traders brought guinea pigs over from South America to Europe, where they became popular pets for the aristocracy.
From about 1200 AD to the Spanish conquest in 1532, selective breeding resulted in many varieties of domestic guinea pigs, which form the basis for some of the modern domestic breeds.
The Moche people of ancient peru worshipped animals and often depicted the guinea pig in their art. Black guinea pigs were considered especially holy, as in the wild black is the rarest colour, most wild guinea pigs are brown or gray, similar to the agouti colour.
The Peruvian guinea pig quickly gained popularity due to their beautiful, long coats. The Peruvian’s topcoat can grow to a length of up two feet, but its undercoat grows only to a maximum of seven inches.
Distribution and habitat
Guinea Pigs are found in a variety of habitats throughout the Central andes mountain range in South America, from colombia in the North to Southern Argentina with the exception of the more tropical regions of the Amazon Basin. Domesticated guinea pigs thrive in groups of 2 or more; groups of sows, or groups of one or more sows and a castrated boar area unit common combos, however boars will generally live along.
Guinea pigs learn to acknowledge and bond with different individual pigs, and testing of boars shows their system stress response is considerably down within the presence of a secure feminine in comparison to the presence of foreign females. they like grasslands, swamps and rocky hillsides in area unitas with lots of vegetation however that area unit preponderantly open so that they are additional simply able to find the threat of approaching predators. Guinea Pigs are found inhabiting regions of varied altitudes from three hundred metres to 3,000 metres higher than water level providing they are able to have smart access to food and in areas that are appropriate for burrowing.
Peruvian Guinea Pig characteristics
Scientific Name: Cavia porcellus
Lifespan: 5 – 8 years
Origin: South America
Common Names: guinea pig, domestic guinea pig, domestic cavy, simply cavy
Size: 8-12 inches (5 cm)
Coat Colors : Cream, white, black more
Lifecycle of Peruvian Guinea Pig
Peruvian Guinea Pig Facts
- Peruvian guinea pigs are a very social breed, so they fair best when housed with others.
- The Peruvian is among the oldest breeds on the planet.
- They are able to jump into the air while running and quickly turn so as to leap once more in excitement.
- The Peruvian guinea pig has hair that grows for much longer than the Silkie.
- The Silkie guinea pig grows its hair equally from the rear of its head, therefore its face isn’t hidden just like the Peruvian.
- Peruvian guinea pig hair can grow up to 20″ long on its overcoat and up to 7″ long in its undercoat.
- They boast beautiful long coats with rosettes.
- Peruvian are born with short hair and 2 rosettes.
Most commonly determined with cattle, it’s thought to be a protecting attribute that permits them to remain as alert as doable in the slightest degree times.
Peruvian Guinea Pig Personality / Behavior
- The Peruvian is a little curious guinea pig. They do have a constant state of alertness.
- They are a very social breed, so it might be a good idea to give them a cage mate.
- The Peruvian Cavy have been known to be very curious little critters. Some guinea pig breeds are very timid when it comes to exploring, but that’s not the case with most Peruvians.
- A Peruvian guinea pig is a loving cavy that thoroughly enjoys the company of humans. Take some time out of your day to play with them and they will really love you.
- When Peruvians gets comfortable with you, they will love you and make all kinds of guinea pig sounds.
Peruvian Guinea Pig Hair
Peruvians come in agouti, Marked, Tricolour, Bicolour, Self or Solid colours, which are a lighter shade of colour than other guinea pigs. They grow a silky hair that can reach around 14 inches in length; sometimes it can be even longer at times.
While the top layer of the coat can grow up to 20 inches long, the bottom layer won’t grow more than 7 inches long. they are similar to the abyssinian guinea pig but have much longer hair and have two rosettes instead of 6 to 8.
If you’re okay with the high maintenance, bathing, grooming and a significant target health and lots of hygiene, you’ll realize the Peruvian Guinea Pig one among the simplest pets that you simply ever had.
The long hair of a Peruvian guinea pig is caused by a cistron and that they ar unable to groom themselves as a result of the length. The hair elements down the rear and falls towards the ground, covering the face.
Peruvian Guinea Pig Grooming
The coat of the Peruvian guinea pig grows at an incredible rate and can reach 20 inches or more in length if not kept nicely trimmed. also popular among breeders are the Peruvian and the Sheltie (or Silkie), both straight longhair breeds, and the Texel, a curly longhair.
The best tools to use on their coat include a fine toothed comb and a softish baby brush which you can use to keep their coats tangled-free. Grooming of guinea pigs is primarily accomplished using combs or brushes.
Shorthair breeds are typically brushed weekly, while longhair breeds may require daily grooming. it’s important for a Peruvian to be brushed at least once a week, but the more often you do it, the less time it’ll take each time you groom them.
How to take care?
They require a lot of care, especially with the grooming. Yes, caring for the Peruvian Guinea Pigs is rather challenging and certainly not an easy thing to do. you do need to take care of their long, beautiful coat. you need to brush your Guinea Pig on a daily basis as it will keep the hair away from any potential tangling issues.
Since these are active animals, they always end up accumulating dirt and debris on their feet or coat, which is why you need to keep their cage clean at all times.
Daily brushing of the hair is necessary and a few owners even brush twice a day. Brushing is for clearing out the debris in the coat, but it also is a way to keep their hair from tangling.
Health and Diseases:
Just like any other guinea pig, the Peruvians can suffer from not having enough vitamin c in their diet. pneumonia is one in all the most common bacterial diseases of the pet guinea pig. when it comes to hair loss, this might be due to lice or fleas. you can try to eliminate that with help from dedicated shampoos, powders, and lotions!
Some guinea pigs tend to keep their head on the side; they may have an ear infection. Your Peruvian might also have to deal with pasteurellosis which leads to eye and respiratory infections.
These and the streptococcalinfections can be eliminated with the use of antibiotics. salmonellosis and pseudotuberculosis are also very challenging and sometimes even fatal for the guinea pig.
Peruvian Guinea Pig Diet:
Guinea pigs are herbivores and thus need fruits, vegetables, and grains in their diet. Carbohydrates and fibres are the basis of their diet. Guinea Pigs are herbivorous animals which means that they only eat plant material in order to gain all of the nutrients that they need to survive.
Fruits like strawberries, apples, melon, blueberries and bananas can be excellent treats for your very little buddy. Also, the vegetables that will give it the essential vitamin c are: carrots, romaine lettuce, spinach, broccoli, tomato, parsley, dandelion, Chinese cabbage and clover.
Along with grasses, hay and vegetables, domestic Guinea Pigs are often supplemented with special nuggets that contain plenty of the nutrients that they need in order to effectively and healthily survive.
Peruvian Guinea Pig for sale
Peruvian Guinea Pig Price
Start up to $15
Photo of Peruvian Guinea Pig
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Reference : Wikipedia