spotted hyena female

Spotted Hyena

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Spotted Hyena Information

The hyena is also the largest species of hyena, also known as the laughing hyena. The species may have originated in Asia. It’s the largest member of the female family. Female noticed hyenas are a bit larger than the males, however otherwise they look exactly the same. The spotted hyena physically distinguished from other species by its vaguely bear-like build, its rounded ears, its less prominent mane, its spotted pelt. The spotted hyena is the most social of the carnivora in that it has the largest group sizes and most complex social behaviours.

Distribution and habitat

Hyenas are widespread and found in most habitats. spotted hyenas live in africa and can range in habitats from grasslands, savannas, woodlands, deserts, forests and mountains. The species becomes increasingly less common in dense forested habitat and is less common than hyaena hyaena and hyaena in desert habitats.

These interesting carnivores live in Africa south of the Sahara desert. Adult spotted hyenas sleep in holes or shallow pools or under bushes or scrubs. south Africa found in Tanzania, Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, south Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Congo, Sudan, Cameroon, Nigeria, Mali, Senegal, and sierra leone. they have been extirpated from most areas of south Africa.

Spotted Hyena characteristics

The spotted hyena has a strong and well developed neck and forequarters, but relatively underdeveloped hindquarters. The hyena has a sandy, yellowish or gray coat with black or dark brown spots on the over most of the body. The front legs are longer than the hind legs, which gives the back of spotted Hyenas a slightly odd, downward slope. The tail is relatively short, being 300–350 mm long, and resembles a pompom in look. The female spotted hyena is considerably larger than the male. Adults measure 95–165.8 cm in body length, and have a shoulder height of 70–91.5 cm. Adult male spotted hyenas in the weigh forty.5–55.0 kg, while females weigh 44.5–63.9 kg.

Scientific Name: Crocuta crocuta
Lifespan: 12 years
Origin: Africa
Common Names:
Size: 70 – 92 cm
Weight: 44 – 64 kg

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Suborder: Feliformia
  • Family: Hyaenidae
  • Genus: Crocuta
  • Species: C. crocuta

Spotted Hyena Facts

  • Spotted hyenas inhabit savannahs, grasslands, woodlands and forest edges across sub-saharan africa.
  • The Spotted hyenas typically hunt in teams and might take down massive animals similar to antelope, antelope, zebras and young hippos.
  • Spotted hyenas have a name of being unmanly scavengers however interestingly enough.
  • The noticed hyenas are legendary for heading off lionesses and leopards far from their kills.
  • They typically begin of their lairs throughout early-morning hours.

Spotted Hyena Lifecycle / Behavior

Spotted hyenas are social animals which live in large communities which can consist of at most 80 individuals. Females dominate males, with even the lowest ranking females being dominant over individuals ranking males. Females the highest about three times larger than males, have more muscle mass and are more aggressive. Males disperse upon reaching sexual maturity. Males spend a long time developing relationships with females in the clan. When older males die, newer males will move up the social ranks. They follow females for periods of days or weeks and eventually gain favor with the females through this behavior.

Feeding for Spotted Hyena

The spotted hyena is the most carnivorous member of the hyaenidae. unlike its brown and striped cousins, the spotted hyena is a predator, not a scavenger. Spotted hyenas typically pick out the young or weak from the herd. this will embrace young rhinos, adult antelope, zebras, and buffalo. The hyaena is incredibly economical at uptake its prey; not solely is it able to splinter and eat the most important ungulate bones, it’s additionally able to digest them fully. Noticed hyenas will digest all organic elements in bones, not simply the marrow. The hyenas add a bunch once searching such massive prey, and young hyenas take years to become booming.

Health and Diseases:

 

Photo of Spotted Hyena

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Also Read: Eastern Gorilla

Reference: wikipedia.org

animals.sandiegozoo.org

animaldiversity.org

 

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