American Alligator

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Content Overview of American Alligator

American Alligator Information

The American alligator is a large, semi-aquatic, armored reptile that is related to crocodiles. sometimes referred to colloquially as a gator or common alligator, is a large crocodilian reptile endemic to the southeastern united states. it is one of two living species in the genus alligator within the family alligatoridae. The american alligator is extremely adept for a life in the water.

It is distinguished from the sympatric american crocodile by its broader snout, with overlapping jaws and darker coloration, and is less tolerant of saltwater but more tolerant of cooler climates than the american crocodile, which is found only in tropical climates. The tail is flattened on both sides like an implement and is used to provide propulsion through the water.Their teeth are sharp and conical, designed for holding prey, not for chewing, so they must swallow their food in large chunks. Stones are enveloped from time to time and control in their stomach to help digest the food.

Distribution and habitat

The american alligator is found throughout the southern U.S., including the eastern third of texas. they are found in North carolina, South carolina, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Alligators are found in or close to water. they’re common in swamps, rivers, bayous, and marshes. whereas generally found in fresh-water, they’ll tolerate salt water further.

American alligators are sometimes found in fresh, slow rivers. Females and juveniles are found in carolina Bays and different seasonal wetlands. whereas they like fresh water, american alligators could generally wander into brackish water, however are less tolerant of salt water than crocodiles, because the salt glands on their tongues don’t operate. they’re conjointly found in swamps, marshes, and lakes. unlike some crocodile species, american alligators will solely sleep in salt water for a short time.

American Alligator characteristics

Domestic american alligators range from long and slender to short and strong, possibly due to variations in factors such as growth rate, diet, and climate. the average size for an adult female is just under 3 meters, while the adult male usually falls between 4 and 4.5 meters. american alligators reaching lengths of 5-6 meters have been reported in the past. The teeth number 74–80. when the jaws are closed, the edges of the upper jaws cover the lower teeth which fit into the jaws’ hollows.

Legs of american alligators are characteristically short, although capable of carrying the animal at a gallop. The front legs have five toes whereas the rear legs have solely four. Adult american alligators could also be olive, brown, gray, or black in color, whereas their undersides are cream-colored.

Scientific Name: Alligator mississippiensis
Lifespan:  30 – 50 years
Origin:  United States
Common Names: Spectacled Caiman, Fossil Crocodyliform
Size: 3 – 4.6 m
Coat : olive, brown, gray, or nearly black, with a creamy underside

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Genus: Alligator
Species: A. mississippiensis

Life cycle of American Alligator

An agile swimmer, the american alligator often floats or swims with only its eyes and nostrils exposed. Breeding takes place during the night, in shallow waters. Females usually start the courtship process. Attracting a mate often involves rubbing, touching, blowing bubbles, and making sounds.

During breeding season, females keep near to home territories whereas males could occupy ranges up to ten square miles. the feminine can build a nest of native vegetation up to six feet across and several other feet high. She lays her eggs within the center of this mound. Females generally lay over thirty five eggs. Some females are according as birthing up to 88 eggs. The eggs are then coated with the vegetation nest through the 65-day incubation period. every egg is regarding three inches long. The eggs incubate for regarding two months.

American Alligator Facts

  • The american alligator is found in the united states from North carolina to the rio grande in texas.
  • Adult male typically falls between 4 and 4.5 meters.
  • Exceptionally large males will reach a weight of nearly half a ton or 1,000 pounds.
  • Alligators area unit typically found in fresh, slow rivers. They conjointly board swamps, marshes and lakes.

American Alligator Behavior

Large male alligators are solitary, territorial animals. Smaller alligators can often be found in large numbers in close proximity to every different, as a result of smaller alligators have a better tolerance of different alligators among a similar size category. they’ll excavate a subside a waterway and leave some of it higher than water throughout now.

Alligators sleep in fresh environments, appreciate ponds, marshes, wetlands, rivers, and swamps, as well as briny environments. throughout breeding season, the feminine builds a nest of vegetation, sticks, leaves, and dirt in a very sheltered spot in or close to the water. These tunnels are typically as long as 65 feet and supply protection throughout extreme hot or cold weather.

Best food for American Alligator

American Alligator are basically carnivores, but they eat over simply meat, feeding on something from sticks to fishing lures to aluminum cans. They feed mainly on fish, turtles, snakes, and small mammals. Juvenile alligators feed totally on insects for the primary few months of their life.

Alligators hunt primarily within the water at night, snapping up tiny prey and swallowing it whole. large prey are dragged below water, submerged so eaten in items. However, they’re opportunists, and a hungry gator can eat just about something, as well as carrion, pets and, in rare instances, humans. With regards to looking animals on land, alligators are sometimes considered idle hunters, waiting offshore for unsuspecting prey to drink at the water’s edge.

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