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American Toad

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American toad information

The American toad is a common species of toad. it’s divided into three subspecies the eastern american toad, the dwarf american toad, and the rare hudson bay toad. two subspecies exist: the eastern american toad and the dwarf american toad.

Distribution and habitat

The american toad is found in areas with lots of moisture and plenty of insects. it is often found in parks, yards, farmland, prairies, mountain areas, and forests. American Toads are found throughout eastern canada and eastern USA. they prefer areas with vegetation and a semi-permanent body of fresh water. It covers the northeastern us and therefore the midwest states to eastern Kansas and therefore the Dakotas. Toads sleep in terrestrial habitats starting from hardwood or pine hardwood to white pine-eastern hemlock forests.

American toad characteristics

The eastern american toad may be a medium-sized toad typically locomote in size from 5–9 cm. They’re primarily colored numerous reminder brown however they will even be red, olive or gray. Skin colour will amendment depending on habitat colors, humidity, stress, and temperature. Males are typically smaller than females and should have a dark throat. Toads have short limbs and that they have webbed toes on their hind legs. Their pupils are oval in form and that they have a gold circle round them. Its skin contains glands that turn out a white toxin that helps protect the toad from predators.

Scientific Name: Anaxyrus americanus
Lifespan: 10 – 12 years
Origin: United States and Canada
Common Names: n/a
Size: 5 – 9 cm

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bufonidae
  • Genus: Anaxyrus
  • Species: A. americanus

American Toad Facts

  • They are found in the eastern United States and Canada.
  • It is divided into three subspecies the eastern American toad, the dwarf American toad and the rare Hudson Bay toad.
  • Toads have short limbs and they have webbed toes on their hind legs.
  • The toad is usually nocturnal.
  • They eat a wide variety of insects and other invertebrates, including snails, beetles, slugs, and earthworms.

American Toad Behavior / Lifecycle

The toad is usually nocturnal. During the day they hide under rocks or logs, or penetrate dead leaves and soil. They are solitary, except during the breeding season and that they are active at night. During the day they hide under logs, rocks or leaf litter and if they live in a region that has a cold winter, they will hibernate during the winter months. The toxin protects it from some predators. For predators that aren’t affected by the toxin, the toad puffs itself up so that it looks bigger! The toad mates from March to July, depending on the latitude. The eggs are placed on submerged vegetation in shallow water. The tadpoles hatch in 3-12 days and become toads in 50-65 days.

Feeding for Toad

They have a long sticky tongue to catch their prey, but larger prey they will grab and force it into their mouth with their hands. Their diet includes crickets, mealworms, earthworms, ants, spiders, slugs, centipedes, moths, and other small invertebrates.

Photo of American Toad

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Also Read: Golden Toad


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