The Andalusian horse breed was developed in Spain, and is one of the worlds most iconic breeds. The Andalusian has been recognized as an individual breed since the 15th century, and its conformation has changed very little over the centuries. Known in it’s native spain as the Pura Raza Espanola (PRE) or “Pure Spanish Horse”.
Throughout its history, it has been known for its prowess as a war horse, and was prized by the nobility. Spanish horses have been esteemed for their quality and appearance since Roman times. The Moors invaded spain in the seventh century and brought Barb horses with them. These oriental horses were crossed with quality native Spanish stock, and the result was the andalusian.
They are used as sport horses in jumping and eventing as well as bull fighting and cattle work in their native spain.
Andalusian Horse History
The andalusian horse is descended from the iberian horses of spain and portugal, and derives its name from its place of origin, the Spanish region of andalusia. Its ancestors are the iberian (Spanish) horse and the Barb horse which was brought to spain by invading Moors. it was bred principally by Carthusian Monks in the late Middle Ages. Cave paintings show that horses have been present on the iberian peninsula as far back as 20,000 to 30,000 BCE.
It is believed to be an ancient horse breed, as a similar type of horse is depicted in cave drawings that are 20,000 years old, and Homer even mentioned these horses in his work, The Iliad. The andalusian may be referred to as the Purebred Spanish Horse but, in reality, its ancestry is a hodge-podge of various native and foreign horse breeds, including the Sorraia, Galician, Pottok, Garrano, and Asturian.
These foreign breeds were brought to spain during different periods and on various pretexts. Among these were the hot-blooded horses of the East and the cold-blooded horses of the North. Spanish horses were used as cavalry mounts by Ancient Greeks and Romans, and from this period onward, there are many references to these horses by historians.
Andalusian Horse Characteristics
The andalusian has a distinguished appearance, usually appearing in the colors white and light gray, and occasionally bay. The andalusian standing at 15.1 to 15.3 hands high and generally weigh under 1,500 pounds. This horse also features a forehead that is slightly round and wide, a jaw that is lean and full, and a jaw line that is discreetly arched. The chest is quite massive and the quarters are lean.
The ears are small, and the distinctive tail and mane are abundant, long, and wavy. An Andalusian’s back are solid and almost straight, as well as muscular and a bit short. The neck is of a medium length and size, and it is also muscular and slightly arched.
Scientific name: Capra aegagrus hircus
Breed Name: Andalusian Horse
Other Name: mohair
Breed Purpose: Milk
Breed Size: Medium
Weight: 180-225 pounds
Coat Color: white, red, tan, brown, gray, black
Country/Place of Origin: Ankara, Turkey
What is use Andalusian Horse?
The Andalusian breed has over the centuries been consistently selected for vigor. From the very beginning of their history, Andalusians have been used for both riding and driving. They are used as sport horses in jumping and eventing as well as bull fighting and cattle work in their native spain. It is a spectacular horse for dressage and Haute Ecole. They were, and still are, known for their use in mounted bull fighting.
They are typically used as riding horses for leisure and trail riding. Being agile and swift, many are also used on the racetrack, in the show ring, and for work on the ranch.
How to tack care Andalusian Horse?
As for raising young foals, its especially important to take care with protein levels. Overloading them with excessive protein can be harmful to the joint capsule and cause long term problems with soundness, in any breed. A good worming program and a diet of free grass hay and the proper amount of grain is what they need. Over graining to put on extra weight is not healthy for the joints.
Feeding & Grooming
The andalusian tends to be an ‘easy keeper’. Andalusian horses lives in a country where grass is quite dry and low in protein, if you overfeed them in the beginning with high energy grass you could have problem with laminitis. They tend to stay at a good weight on fairly low feed. Because of this they can be more prone to laminitis if they are overfed.
Regular horse grooming requirements, however, the andalusian breed features a thick mane that is really beautiful but does require a bit of extra work. The same goes for its luxurious, thick tail. You will need to regularly trim and pull the tail and mane in order to keep them healthy.
Advantages of Andalusian Horse
The imported horses and their lines tend to be costlier, whereas a number of the Spanish/Portuguese horses tend to value less. Of course, the crossbreds are an economic trade-off. You get a number of the advantages of the andalusian blood while not the expense – however seldom does one get identical look.
Disadvantages of Andalusian Horse
Andalusian Horse facts
- The andalusian has been recognized as an individual breed since the 15th century.
- It has been known for its prowess as a war horse, and was prized by the nobility.
- These lovely horses area unit usually grey or white. Over 80th of Andalusians are grey in color.
- The andalusian is thought for its courageous spirit and magnificent paces.
- The long mane is typically adorned in a very pattern referred to as “plaited”.
- Andalusian was used in battle and is extremely agile .
- The andalusian horse is used in dressage displays.
- The Lipizzaner horse is descended from the andalusian.
Andalusian Horse price
Depend on the breed.
Andalusian Horse for Sale
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Andalusian Horse pictures
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Read Also: Percheron
Reference : wikipedia.org