The Arabian Sand Boa (Eryx Jayakari) is an incredible pet snake as they are strong creatures and are efficiently handled. Like all boas, they are not poisonous; rather, they are ambush hunters and use their bodies to squeeze their prey.
These boas are absolutely adapted to living under the sand as their eyes are on top of their heads. In addition, they have a beautiful basic setup in terms of information and feeding management, making them pets great for newcomers.
Behaviour and Temperament
The Arabian Sand Boa is adapted to desert life and burrows under the sand to thermoregulate itself. They are typically night-loving snakes, appearing up to the surface layer of sand to hunt and thermoregulate.
They are easily maintained and bred in captivity, so we restrain the practice of purchasing wild-caught varieties. These boas are great eaters and should not provide new owners with any difficulties. They are not livebearers as many of the boa family are.
They lay a clutch of 5 to 15 eggs which hatch in approximately 66 days. These snakes are moderately calm and do great with careful handling. However, they can strike out if they feel irritable or consider your fingers to look like a good meal.
Arabian Sand Boa Facts
- Common Name: Arabian Sand Boa
- Synonym: Jayakar’s sand boa
- Natural Habitat: Deserts in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Iran, Iraq, UAE
- Type: Snakes
- Family: Boidae
- Adult Size: Around 16 inches
- Lifespan: 20 to 30 years
- Diet: Lizards and mice
- Experience Level: Beginner
- Enclosure Size: 20 inches long x 10 inches wide x 10 inches high
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Suborder: Serpentes
- Family: Boidae
- Genus: Eryx
- Species: E. Jayakari
The Arabian Sand Boa is a miniature snake only growing to around 16 inches in length. This species is considerably sexually dimorphic, which makes sexing them fairly easy. The male is significantly shorter than the female when they are fully developed.
The female’s tail is very small and short from juveniles; there is no clear difference between her tail and body. The male’s tail is discrete. It narrows significantly after his vent and is much thinner and longer than the female’s tail.
These snakes appear in different shades of brown to tan. Their coloring supports a staggering transverse pattern of light and dark. This coloration supports them blend into their natural surroundings in the desert on the Arabian Peninsula.
Behaviour and Temperament
Arabian Sand Boas are nighttime creatures. This indicates that they are numerous powerful at night. These boas burrow under the sand. They do this to thermoregulate. This implies they cannot regulate their body temperatures as creatures do.
So, they go to regions that are more temperate or cooler to improve their metabolic processes. These boas can be pretty modest and worried, so they will strive to evade you by burrowing in their substrate.
These are normally quiet snakes. However, they will look out if they feel endangered. In addition, due to their body appearance and ambush-hunter nature, they usually strike out sideways rather than straight on. This can make new owners nervous as they do not display any rude, aggressive behavior before striking.
Reptiles require to thermoregulate their bodies by moving to regions that are warmer or cooler. Therefore, you require to give a proper temperature gradient so that your Arabian Sand Boa can thermoregulate. In addition, we recommend that you have a small hideaway on the warm surface of the tank that your snake can curl up in if it is feeling stressed.
Your Arabian Sand Boa does not require specific lighting. However, UVB lighting does have continued health benefits. Arabian Sand Boas are nighttime animals and need a 12 hr light and 12 hr dark schedule. We suggest you to use a timer like Zilla Digital Timer for avoiding any mishaps.
If the enclosure is in a room that gets natural sunlight, ensure it does not fall straight over the enclosure as the added heat can raise the temperature to fatal levels. If you wish to see your snake at night, we recommend using an infrared light that does not affect the temperature gradient.
Arabian Sand Boas arrive from a beautiful dry habitat; therefore, their enclosure’s humidity levels should affect this. The humidity level should be approximately 40%. Use a hygrometer to maintain an exact track of this level. It is key to sustaining your boa’s health.
If the humidity is too high, then your boa can generate respiratory problems. If it is too low, then your boa will battle to shed. You can add a hideaway committed to a higher humidity level when it begins to shedding time. Your snake can use this hideaway and let its shed receive the extra moisture to help the process.
The substrate requires being deep sufficient for your snake to burrow in. It must be at least 2 inches deep, and never use pine or cedar-type substrate. They are poisonous to snakes. In addition, they produce skin irritation and respiratory difficulties.
You should spot a cleaned substrate daily and replace it with a new substrate every week utilizing paper towels, newspaper, or butcher paper. If you are utilizing woodchips, restore the substrate once a month.
You can attach a branch or big rock for your snake to perch on and climb. Improving your reptile’s environment is constantly a good idea.
Arabian Sand Boas do not drink extreme water; however, they still require fresh water daily. Put a non-porous water bowl in place on the cool side to avoid rapid evaporation, which will create a spike in humidity.
Make sure you clean the water bowl out accurately every week. The water bowl demands to be big sufficient for the boa to accept into but not big adequate that it will struggle to arrive out. The water bowl must be heavy-bottomed so that it cannot be knocked over.
Mice, lizards, or small rats are all suitable prey things. Juveniles can be served one prey item once every 7 days and adults’ one prey once every 10-14 days.
Before obtaining your Arabian Sand Boa, seek exotic pet veterinarians in your region. Then, you understand where to go for your health crises. A snake that is this long-lived demands the corresponding attachment to a vet.
Dermal abrasion: Arabian Sand Boas burrow, and if the substrate is too harsh, it will harm their skin.
Respiratory issues and mouth rot: These are produced by inaccurate enclosure care. High humidity and an inaccurate substrate support bacterial growth, which snakes are responsive to.
External parasites: Mites are a general health issue for snakes. They will resemble tiny red or black dots on the snake’s skin, especially the nostrils, eyes, and mouth. They burrow under the scales to perceive the snake’s blood.
Internal parasites: These parasites could be from cross-contamination with different pets, live food, or poor enclosure hygiene. Snakes may stop feeding if they have a high parasite load. Therefore, they will require an urgent concern from the vet.
Obesity: Arabian Sand Boas are great eaters and will consume food when given. Therefore, they are inclined to obesity when overeager owners do not hold to a feeding program. Obesity can and will create heart and liver failure.
Stuck Shed: Once your snake has shed or came out of the blue, check that their skin is shed correctly. If any bits are stuck, similar to a plastic tub with warm wet paper towels and put your boa in for 30 minutes, then kindly try to peel the stuck shed off with tweezers.
Your Arabian Sand Boa does not require to support extended brumation. You can overcome their enclosure to 70°F on the cold side for the winter months. Match up the winter months to your winter months so that the temperature is easier to regulate.
Once the Arabian Sand Boa babies hatch, they can be put into their places of no less than 5 gallons. Then, once they have shed their skin, they can be offered their first pinky mouse.
Arabian Sand Boas are wonderful pets for beginner snake owners. They are strong animals that have a very oversimplified enclosure set-up. They have easy care requirements and are great eaters.
They are cool-looking snakes that have different evolutionary abilities that have modified them to a life of burrowing in the desert. This presents them with very impressive snakes to watch while they move throughout their enclosures.
Make assured you have their set-up made before you bring them familiar. If you are timid about it, ask your vet to pay a house call or contact different people in the herp population.