Atlantic salmon

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Content Overview of Atlantic salmon

History of Atlantic salmon

The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a species of ray-finned fish in the family salmonidae. it is found in the northern atlantic ocean, in rivers that flow into the north atlantic and, due to human introduction, in the north pacific Ocean.

The Atlantic salmon was given its scientific binomial name by zoologist and taxonomist Carl linnaeus in 1758. Salmo salar are found in the atlantic ocean near the north-eastern coast of North America, and near greenland, Iceland and the western coast of Europe.

Along the Vezere river in southwest France is the Labri du Poisson – a cave in which is carved a life-sized male Atlantic salmon more than a yard long. it was carved on the ceiling of this cave more than 22,000 years ago.

Distribution and habitat

The Atlantic salmon occurs on both sides of the north atlantic Ocean. in the eastern Atlantic it is found along the european coast from the white sea, the coasts of norway, Sweden, and into the baltic sea, including finland and the soviet union, southward around the british isles and the coast of western Europe to the border region of spain and portugal.

The distribution of Salmo salar depends on water temperature. Before human influence, the natural breeding grounds of Salmo salar were rivers in Europe and the eastern coast of North America. there is at least one landlocked population of Atlantic salmon on New zealand, where the fish never go out to sea.

Atlantic salmon characteristics

Scientific Name: Poecilia reticulata
Lifespan: 3 – 5 years
Origin: Central America
Common Names: Guppy, Fancy Tail Guppy, Millions Fish, Rainbow Fish
Size: 2 inches (5 cm)
PH: 7 – 8
Temperature: 66°F – 84°F (19°C – 29°C)
Water Hardness: 10° to 20° DH,
Fish type:
Aquarium Size: 10 gallon or larger.
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.
Gender:

Lifecycle of Atlantic salmon

Atlantic salmon Temperament / Behavior

The Atlantic salmon is an anadromous fish that lives in salt water as an adult however migrates into fresh water within the spring to spawn. whereas they will sometimes be aggressive towards one another, the social hierarchy remains unclear. several are found to school, particularly once exploit the water.

Adult Salmo salar are thought of way more aggressive than alternative salmon, and are a lot of possible to attack alternative fish than others. A matter of concern is wherever they need become an invasive threat, assaultive native salmon, like Chinook salmon and coho salmon.

When the salmon reaches adulthood at regarding three years, it becomes a voracious predator and feeds solely on giant prey. they’re typically therefore sturdy that solely giant fish, like tuna, swordfish, or sharks, are able to eat them.

How to take care?

Feeding for Atlantic salmon

A smolt’s diet consists of crustaceans and small finfish. when the salmon reaches adulthood at about three years, it becomes a voracious predator and feeds only on large prey. they are sometimes therefore robust that solely giant fish, like tuna, swordfish, or sharks, are ready to eat them.

When the smolt reach the ocean, they follow ocean surface currents and go after organism or fry from different fish species like herring.

Most Salmo salar follow an anadromous fish migration pattern, in this they bear their greatest feeding and growth in saltwater; but, adults come back to spawn in native fresh streams wherever the eggs hatch and juveniles grow through many distinct stages.

Health and Diseases:

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) is a virus that affects both wild and farmed salmon. Sockeye, chinook, coho, rainbow trout and Salmo salar can all contract the virus, but Atlantic salmon are particularly susceptible. IHN could be a virus and not a microorganism infection and infected fish don’t seem to be treated with antibiotics.

Bacterial renal disorder could be a chronic general microorganism condition of fish of the fish family caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum. It affects fish in fresh and brine environments and might have a significant economic impact, notably in brine Atlantic salmon farms.

Best food for Atlantic salmon fish:

Young salmon begin a feeding response within a few days. Some are acknowledged to eat salmon eggs. the foremost ordinarily ingested foods embody caddisflies, blackflies, mayflies, and stoneflies. As adults, the fish prey on abundant larger food: Arctic squid, sand eels, amphipods, Arctic shrimp, and generally herring, and therefore the fishes’ size will increase dramatically.

Atlantic salmon Fish for sale

Atlantic salmon Fish Price

Salmo salar Fish box price

Photo of Atlantic salmon fish

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Read  Also : Atlantic- Bonito Fish

Reference : Wikipedia

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