Avicularia

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Avicularia

Avicularia is a genus of the family Theraphosidae containing various species of tarantulas. The genus is native to tropical South America. Each species in the genus has very distinguishable pink foot pads.

One of the most notable features of the Avicularia species is their odd method of defense. When threatened, their first choice is to jump or run away as quickly as possible – occasionally, though, they will launch a jet of excrement at the perceived threat. Adults are capable of good accuracy and a range of 0.5–1 m.

There is also a belief that they may be the reason behind rumors of “flying spiders” in the rainforests they are native to, as they are quite adept at jumping. Their legs, however, prevent them from gaining much height in making a jump. Avicularia avicularia are among the tarantulas most commonly kept as pets.

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
  • Family: Theraphosidae
  • Genus: Avicularia

Habitat

The Antilles tree spider is an arboreal (tree-dwelling) tarantula by nature. It prefers to live in live plants and tree barks. It blends in black tree hence the trunk pattern on its abdomen.

Description

The Pinktoe Tarantula is a moderately sized tarantula with long dense hairs. The females reach about 5″ (13 cm) and males are slightly smaller, reaching about 3.5″ (9 cm). They are a beautiful furry species that is an overall dark black to metallic gray. They can also have an attractive coloration on their abdominal and leg hairs varying from a shiny purple or deep violet to reddish hues, sometimes highlighted by yellows. Their most distinguishing feature is a wonderful pink to pink-orange tip to each foot.

Lifespan

The average lifespan of a pinktoe tarantula is 4-8years. Males live between 2 to 3 years with female living between 8 to 12 years.

Food and Feeding

The Pink-toed Tarantula or Pink-toed Tree Spider is an aggressive feeder. It will eat a variety of insect prey including adult crickets, grasshoppers, roaches, and especially flying insects such as wax moths. In nature, they will also feed on small lizards such as Anolis species, but they are not typically fed vertebrate prey in captivity.

Behaviour

This is a pleasure to keep because if you keep them in a wide belt and keep them in good condition, they are kept in groups, Pink-Todd Tarantulus is the most suitable of the Arboreal species, unlike most of the Tarantulas. Other avicular species are more aggressive and will run away or even bite.

Taxonomy

The genus Avicularia was erected in 1818 by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck for species previously placed in Mygale Latreille, 1802, the genus name used at the time for most mygalomorph spiders. One of the species Lamarck included in his new genus was Avicularia canceridea, which included Aranea avicularia, first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Araneologists continued to use the name Mygale, although this had been used for genus of mammals in 1800, so was not available for Latreille to use for spiders.

Ausserer in 1871 used Avicularia, but a degree of confusion persisted until a decision of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature in 1928 established the correctness of Avicularia, with the type species being Linnaeus’ Aranea avicularia in the combination Avicularia avicularia.

Personality

Martinique Treantula is a public, active and fast dynamic spider. When the spill arrives, the spider will flee, at first. However, with constant provocation, Tartantula will use it after its umbrella. According to spiraling, they prefer to stay close to the surface.

Sometimes your desire will jump on you because you make it clean or feed. However, do not worry, they will not bite, maybe. If you get a bite, you may get a little pain or burning sensation. Only someone with an allergic reaction to the sting has to face a powerful threat.

Avicularia images

Image by Karsten Paulick from Pixabay

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