Bactrian Camel

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Content Overview of Bactrian Camel

Bactrian Camel

The Wild bactrian camel is a separate species and is the only truly wild (as opposed to feral) species of camel within the world. The camel may be a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia. Bactrian camels have two humps rather than the single hump of their Arabian relatives. Their name comes from the ancient historical region of Bactria.

The humps function the same way—storing fat which can be converted to water and energy when sustenance is not on the market. These humps offer camels their legendary ability to endure long periods of travel while not water, even in harsh desert conditions.

Like the single humped camel, the camel is in a position to survive on its own water reserves for long periods of your time that means they will cross huge desert plains and mountain ranges while not the necessity to prevent therefore typically.

Distribution and habitat

The bactrian camel, inhabits parts of central Asia and western China. This species is found in the gobi and Gashun gobi deserts of northwest China and Mongolia. The Bactrian camel’s geographic vary has been steady decreasing for the last 30 years. while vegetation is sparse, the desert itself varies from range massifs, to the flat pavement-like areas of the very arid desert; In some areas, within the absence of water, it’s adapted to drinking salt water slush that the domestic camel will not touch.

The camels’ distribution is linked to the availability of water, with large groups congregating near rivers after rain or at the foot of the mountains, wherever water is obtained from springs in the summer months, and in the form of snow during the winter.

Bactrian Camel characteristics

The bactrian camel is the largest mammal in its native range and is the largest living camel. Bactrian camels are large animals with an average height of 2.134 m. The length of the head and body is 2.25-3.45 m, the tail is 0.35-0.55 m long, and the shoulder height is 1.80-2.30 m tall. At the top of the humps, the average height is 213 cm (6.99 ft). Body mass can range from 300 to 1,000 kg (660 to 2,200 lb), with males often being much larger and heavier than females.

Its long, wooly coat varies in color from dark brown to sandy beige. A mane and beard of long hair happens on the neck and throat, with hairs mensuration up to twenty five cm (9.8 in) long. the two humps on the rear are composed of fat. The forceful seasonal temperature modifications within the desert need Bactrian camels to shed their serious coat once the seasons change.

Scientific Name: Camelus bactrianus
Lifespan: 50 years
Origin: Central Asia
Common Names: Camelus bactrianus
Size: 180 to 230 cm
Color: dark brown or a dirty gray

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Camelidae
  • Genus: Camelus
  • Species: C. bactrianus

Lifecycle of Bactrian Camel

The bactrian camel is one of the most adaptive animals in the world with the bactrian camel being able to withstand temperatures from 40 degrees Centigrade in the summer to -30 degrees Centigrade in the winter. Bactrian camels area unit exceptionally adept at withstanding wide variations in temperature, ranging from freezing cold to blistering heat. they have a remarkable ability to go without water for months at a time, however once water is accessible they’ll drink to fifty seven liters quickly. The life of Bactrian camels is calculable at up to fifty years, usually 20 to 40 in captivity.

Bactrian Camel Temperament / Behavior

Wild Bactrian camels typically live in herds of 6-20 members, although they can occasionally be solitary or in groups up to 30 individuals. during the snowy winter months Bactrian camels migrate to the gobi desert steppe, a broad ecotone that borders many rivers. when the snow melts in the spring, Bactrian camels migrate back to the desert.

As many as three regions in the genetic makeup are clearly totally different from Bactrian camels, with up to a 3rd difference within the base ordination. However, with therefore few wild camels, what the natural genetic diversity inside a population would are isn’t clear. Males throughout sex time are usually quite violent and will bite, spit, or arrange to sit on different male camels. The age of sexual maturity varies, however is sometimes reached at 3 to 5 years. Gestation lasts around 13 months.

Best food for Bactrian Camel:

Bactrian camels are omnivores, but are primarily herbivores that constantly graze on grasses. With tough mouths that can withstand sharp objects such as thorns, they are able to eat plants that are dry, prickly, salty or bitter, and can ingest virtually any kind of vegetation.

Their dietary needs and preferences make them ideal candidates for desert life. in the winter months, camels often push and dig under the snow to find food, a practice observed only in Bactrian camels.

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Photo of Bactrian Camel

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Also Read: Dromedary Camel


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