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Content Overview of Barramundi

History of Barramundi

Barramundi is considered an iconic fish of northern Australia. barramundi belong to the ocean perch family. it’s a large, majestic silver fish, which can grow to over one metre in length. in addition to northern Australia, barramundi can be found in the persian gulf, South East Asia, China, southern Japan and papua new guinea.

Barramundi(Giant Perch) is an Aboriginal word meaning “large scaled silver/river fish” and was adopted as a marketing name in Australia in the 1980s to promote consumption. The Australian farmed-barramundi trade started within the middle 1980s and barramundi is currently farmed in each state of Australia.

Lates calcarifer, known as barramundi, barramundi perch, giant sea perch, or Asian sea bass, is native to coastal areas within the Indian and Western Pacific Oceans. This includes coastal Australia, Southeast and eastern Asia, and india (Luna, 2008).

Distribution and habitat

Barramundi is native to coastal areas in the Indian and Western Pacific Oceans. This includes coastal Australia, Southeast and eastern Asia, and India. according to luna, this distribution is Indo-West Pacific.

Internationally, Giant Perch are referred to as Asian ocean bass, giant perch or giant sea perch. they are distributed throughout coastal areas from the Persian Gulf to China and southern Japan, south to papua new guinea and northern Australia. In Western Australia, they’re found north from Exmouth Gulf, but are most plentiful within the metropolis.

Giant Perch will board fresh or saltwater. Habitats embrace streams, rivers, lakes, billabongs, estuaries and coastal waters. Giant Perch are catadromous, defrayal most of their life in water and migrating to salt water so as to breed. Smaller fish square measure found in rivers and streams and bigger fish are found within the ocean and estuaries. they’re found at depths of 10 to forty meters (Luna, 2008). In barramunda fish farming cages are usually placed two meters below the surface (Webster, 2002).

Barramundi characteristics

Scientific Name: Lates calcarifer
Lifespan: 5 – 20 years
Origin: Persian Gulf, Southern China and southwards to Northern Australia
Common Names: Barramundi, Silver Barramundi, Giant Perch
Size: 56 – 76 inches (142.2 – 193 cm)
PH: 6.5 – 7.2
Temperature: 68 °F- 82 °F (20 – 26 °C)
Water Hardness: 6° to 8° DH,
Fish type:
Aquarium Size: 500 gallon or larger.
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.

Lifecycle of Barramundi

The barramundi Lates calcarifer is a large centropomid fish that utilizes fresh and seawater habitats and is generally regarded as catadromous. The barramundi’s lifecycle includes fresh, estuarial and marine phases. Within the wet season (October to April), sexually mature adults migrate from fresh to coastal estuaries and watercourse mouths to spawn (release sperm and eggs).

The larvae stay within the mangrove or recurrent event habitats till the tip of the wet season. Giant Perch spawn seasonally. Males and females congregate for the aim of spawning. Spawning events tend to require place at the mouths of estuaries on or close to a full moon, when that tides draw the eggs up into the estuaries.

A large feminine will turn out up to forty million eggs throughout the spawning season. Despite such high production, over 90 per cent of larvae and juveniles die within the first few weeks or months.

When the fish become sexually mature (at 3 to 5 years of age) they migrate back to the seawater to spawn and therefore the lifecycle begins once more. The barramundi feeds on crustaceans, molluscs, and smaller fish (including its own species); juveniles go after beast.

Barramundi Temperament / Behavior

The barramundi or Asian ocean bass (Lates calcarifer) is a species of catadromous fish in family Latidae of order perciformes. it’s very popular in Thai cuisine. Catadromous Giant Perch populations move seasonally between breeding and feeding grounds. straightaway once hatching as plankton, Lates calcarifer larvae create their manner from the mouths of estuaries into briny or fresh swamps or mangroves wherever they’re shielded from predators.

This fish can eat the other that may a minimum of half fit in it’s mouth, identified to eat fish larger than itself. barramundi are found alone or in small groups, they will school in feeding aggregations once feeding on schools of smaller bait fish.

How to take care?

Barramundi are a magnificent fish with both elegance and fantastic speed. The grow out phase for Giant Perch is often outlined as the growth of fish from fish stage, once they are larger than 100mm long. Giant Perch need a large sized tank with a slow continuous flow of water with the temperature and hardness remaining fairly constant. they do not mind being in clear or mirky water.

They conjointly show a definite preference for submerged wood, rock ledges and alternative structures, thus ensuring there’s lots of hides within the tank is important. that’s to boost stress-free fish by making certain clean, aerated water, applicable levels of feed and thoroughly managed water temperature.

Feeding for Barramundi

Fingerlings are fed 5–6 times every day however feeding decreases to 1–2 times a day as they grow to market size. Carnivore, prefers bulky live or frozen foods. readily accepts pellet foods. Giant Perch could be fed contemporary food, like whole mullet and squid, supplemented with a vitamin mix.

Health and Diseases:

Diseases are a major concern for the future sustainability of this and indeed any aquaculture industry. The northern territory Government has produced a barramundi Farming handbook that outlines the key diseases of Giant Perch and provides advice on treatments and disease prevention practices.

Cannibalism may also be a problem, as Giant Perch are associate aggressive fish and may either kill or injure one another. under stressed conditions, Giant Perch are liable to most bacterial, fungous and parasitic infections common to all fish. These include viral diseases, onodavirus, lymphocystis, bacterial diseases, streptococcosis, ovibriosis, onecrotic rubor and inflammation, bacterial gill unwellness, epitheliocystis, fungous diseases, red spot, parasitic diseases, crypotcaryonosis, trypanosomosis.

Best food for Barramundi:

Barramundi are carnivorous. In the wild they eat other fish (including other barramundi), crustaceans like prawns and mussels, and insects. Giant Perch are opportunist predators. They eat microcrustaceans such as copepods and amphipods as juvenile fish under 40 mm. As larger juveniles they eat macrocrustaceans like Penaeidae and palaemonidae. Giant Perch swallow their food whole, sucking their prey into their fairly large mouths.

In cultivation systems, Giant Perch are fed speciality pellets out there from cultivation feed suppliers. Juveniles eat small fish, aquatic insects and small crustaceans, like prawns. Adults eat primarily fish, as well as other Giant Perch, and crustaceans.

Barramundi Fish for sale

Barramundi Fish Price

$7.99 per fillet

Giant Perch Fish box price

Photo of Barramundi fish

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Read  Also : Oscar fish

Reference : Wikipedia

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