Breton Horse

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The Breton Horse originated in the province of bretagne (or Brittany) in the northwest of France. The Breton is a breed of draft horse. Breton was created through the crossbreeding of many different European and Oriental breeds.The breed is often chestnut in color, and is strong and muscular. The Breton horse is the result of evolution over hundreds of years, and a long period of selection carried out by breeders from old varieties of native horses.

There are three distinct subtypes of the Breton, each coming from a different area of brittany. The Corlay Breton is the smallest type, and is generally used for light draft and under saddle work. The Postier Breton is used for harness and light farm work. The heavy Draft Breton is the largest subtype, and is generally used for the hardest draft work.

The breed is relatively short in length and boasts a typical height of 15-16 hands. the most common example of a Breton is chestnut coated with a flaxen-coloured mane and tail, although variations of bay, roan and grey are seen.

Breton Horse History

Here are a few differing opinions as to how the Breton horse developed. One theory suggests they were delivered to Europe by Asian migrators some four thousand years past. Another theory is that they were initially bred by Celtic warriors. Either way, they need developed over time through the cross-breeding of many different European and Oriental breeds. There was much cross-breeding within the 18th and 19th centuries in order to improve these, the known and most successful being the use of norfolk stallions imported from england to breed Léon mares. the original ancestors of the Breton were a population of horses that lived in the Breton mountains, probably descended from steppe horses ridden by Celts.

This cross-breeding led to the “Postier Breton” or Breton Post-Horse which is known all over the world. This fame translated into considerable exports between 1900 and the 1940s, to many countries. during the Crusades, these mountain horses were crossed with oriental horses to make a type known as the bidet Breton. The Sommier was the common, heavier type, used mainly as a pack horse and for farm and draft work.

Through the years, the Breton was crossbred with Boulonnais, Percheron, and Ardenness horses. Since the 1930s, however, stricter breeding programs have been used to prevent crossbreeding.

Breton Horse Characteristics

The Breton horse is an attractive breed that has a few defining characteristics. Breton horses are usually about 15 hands tall, but may range from 15 to 16 hands. Bretons have a well-proportioned head of medium volume with a straight profile and a strong, short neck well-set into muscular withers.

The chest is wide and muscular, and the withers are also muscular. The shoulders are sloping and long, and you’ll also note a sloping croup, well developed hooves, and broad joints.

They can also be bay, grey, or red or blue roan. The shoulder is long and sloping, the chest broad and muscular, the back short and wide, and the croup sloping.

Scientific name: Equus caballus
Breed Name: 
Breton Horse
Lifespan : 25 years
Other Name: n/a
Breed Purpose: riding, Working, Endurance riding, Meat production
Breed Size: 14 hands to 16 hands
Weight: up to 1700lb
Coat Color: red roan and blue roan
Country/Place of Origin: France

What is use Breton Horse?

The Breton makes the ideal leisure driving horse for use as much in competition by skilled professionals as for tourism. They can be used for a wide range of purposes. Like as a light draft work, agricultural work, pull coaches, riding. And these horses are also bred for their meat in certain countries.

They are also commonly used to improve other breeds through crossbreeding. Today, the breed is used as a draft horse on small farms, and is also used to gather seaweed.

How to tack care Breton Horse?

This horse is easy to keep and is gaining popularity, being very hardy and enduring. The Breton draft horse is heavier with more bulk. it is a strong, muscular compact horse. Breton will be an important step in keeping him happy, healthy, and looking great.

There are a number of different breeds, with varying characteristics, but all share the common traits of strength, patience and a docile temperament. they are proud, alert, and intelligent and they are noted for having common sense.

Good grooming is essential, however, as their coats can get heavy in cold climates. also the hair around their ankles will attract bacteria in the soil, making them susceptible to “scratches” or pododermititis.

Grooming & Feeding

Even though grooming is very important for the health of your horse. Some horses enjoy being bathed, but others find it a bit stressful. Grooming it is very important that a horse gets groomed at least twice per day. If you do not groom your horse, its coat will get full of dirty, dust, mud and grass stains. you could use a curry comb to remove dirt and debris from your horse’s coat with ease, especially if you use the comb in circular motions.

In Breton Horse horse diet including hay, grass, grains and more.

Advantages of Breton Horse

Disadvantages of Breton Horse


Breton Horse facts

  • The Breton is a breed that falls under the category of draft horses. This breed is a native of France.
  • The Breton was created through the crossbreeding of many different European and Oriental breeds.
  • The height of the Breton horse can be anywhere between 14 to 16 hands.
  • This horse breed has been used in military, draft and agricultural capacities.
  • Used to improve and create many other draft breeds, and to produce mules.
  • Breton horses are typically calm, kind, friendly, easygoing, and talented.
  • They are also known for being lively, adaptable, willing, and noble.

Breton Horse price

Depend on the breed

Breton Horse for Sale is proud to be a part of the online adoption community. If you would like to be contact when goats become available for sale.

Breton Horse pictures

Image by picardzucht from Pixabay

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Read Also: Oldenburg Horse

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