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Cane toad

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Cane toad information

The cane toad is an old species. The cane toad has poison glands, and the tadpoles are extremely toxic to most animals if ingested. Cane toad also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad. Cane toad is a species of amphibian that belongs to the family of true toads. it’s the world’s largest toad. it is a member of the genus Rhinella, but was formerly in the genus bufo, which includes many different true toad species found throughout Central and South America.

Distribution and habitat

It originates from Central and South America. Cane toad inhabits subtropical forests, woodlands and areas near the water. Cane toad is wide unfold and numerous within the wild. Its range stretches from the rio grande valley in South texas to the central Amazon and southeastern peru, and some of the continental islands near venezuela.

Cane toad characteristics

It has large, stocky body and short limbs with partially webbed toes on the hind feet. Typically, juvenile cane toads have smooth, dark skin, although some specimens have a red wash. The cane toad is very large the females are significantly longer than males. an average length of 10–15 cm. Individual cane toads is grey, yellowish, red-brown, or olive-brown, with varying patterns. a large parotoid gland lies behind each eye.

Scientific Name: Rhinella marina
Lifespan: 10 – 15 years
Origin: Central America
Common Names: marine toad
Size: 10 – 15 cm

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bufonidae
  • Genus: Rhinella
  • Species: R. marina

Cane toad Facts

  • Cane Toads are the largest toads in the world.
  • These toads inflate their lungs and make themselves look larger in size to trick away their predators.
  • Cane toads are the most widespread latin-american amphibian.
  • Incubation period of these toads’ eggs vary enormously. sometimes the hatch within 14 hours and sometimes it takes about a week.
  • Cane toad has big, flattened head with prominent ridges above the eyes.
  • Its diet is based on insects, snails, lizards, frogs, small snakes, birds and mice.
  • Cane toads reach sexual maturity at the age of one year.

Cane toad Behavior / Lifecycle

They are nocturnal beings. They get active at night. Young Cane toads are not solely nocturnal. They stay active during both days and night. They cry out loudly in purring thrill for mating. The Cane batrachian will make some various sounds for communication however they’re principally quiet. they tend to live alone however they do find each other often so that they can take part in mating.

The males congregate after dark around shallow water and mount females as they hit the water’s edge. The male grips the female in the armpits and she releases her eggs, which are fertilised externally by the male’s sperm. they will swim in the water and drop long strings of poisonous eggs onto vegetation. they can lay between 20,000 and 30,000 eggs in one go.

Feeding for Cane toad

This species of toad mostly diet on insects. they will consume both living and dead matter that they find. they will eat virtually anything they can fit into their mouths. they can also survive for long periods while not water. They also prey on small animals that they can digest like small lizards, tiny birds, frogs, fishes, worms, bees, mice, scarab beetles and dung beetles.

Photo of Cane toad

Image by sandid from Pixabay
Image by sandid from Pixabay

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Also Read:  Common Toad


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