Common house gecko
The common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus) (not to be confused with the Mediterranean species Hemidactylus turcicus known as Mediterranean house gecko), is a reptile native of Southeast Asia. It is also known as the Pacific house gecko, the Asian house gecko, house lizard, or Moon Lizard.
Hemidactylus frenatus mating includes a short courtship during which males repeatedly touch the female with his snout and may bite and hold her by the neck.
Three to four weeks after fertilization females lay two hard-shelled that are partially fixed to a solid surface. Breeding occurs throughout the year in tropical environments and is seasonal in cooler conditions.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Family: Gekkonidae
- Genus: Hemidactylus
- Species: H. frenatus
- Binomial name: Hemidactylus frenatus
Common house gecko Habitat
Most geckos are nocturnal, hiding during the day and foraging for insects at night. They can be seen climbing walls of houses and other buildings in search of insects attracted to porch lights, hence their name “house gecko”.
Spread around the world by ships, these geckos are now common in the Deep South of the United States, large parts of tropical and sub-tropical Australia, and many other countries in South and Central America, Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East. In winter time, in a lot of these climates, they are known for going into a state of brumation in order to withstand the cold.
Common house gecko Lifespan and size
They grow to a length of between 75–150 mm (3–6 in), and live for about 5 years. These small geckos are non-venomous and harmless to humans. Medium to large geckos may bite if distressed; however, their bite is gentle and will not pierce skin. A tropical gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus thrives in warm, humid areas where it can crawl around on rotting wood in search of the insects it eats. The animal is very adaptable and may prey on insects and spiders, displacing other reptiles.
Feeding Common House Geckos
House geckos should be fed a variety of small prey items. Crickets can make up the main part of their diet with the addition of fruit flies and other small flies, silkworms, the occasional mealworm, and other insects.
Gut load prey prior to feeding them to your geckos, dust them with a calcium supplement two to three times a week, and a dusting of a multivitamin once a week. Feed your common house geckos in the evening since they are nocturnal. Juveniles should be fed daily but adults can be fed every other day. Feed as much prey as your house gecko will eagerly consume.
Common house gecko History
The common house gecko is now established in at least 87 locations around the world outside of its natural range in Asia and the Indo-Pacific. Many of these new locations have been small remote islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Where the common house gecko has been introduced to islands of the Pacific Ocean, researchers have shown that this lizard has been responsible for the competitive displacement of other similar sized or smaller gecko species in urban and suburban environments.
It was shown that habitat simplification and clumped food resources around artificial light sources as a result of urbanization have enabled the common house gecko to gain an indirect competitive advantage over other nocturnal gecko species.
The ability of the house gecko to persist outside of its natural range poses a threat to the survival of ecologically similar endemic geckos.
Common house gecko Food
Now as it pertains to food and what you can feed your house gecko pet, this is one of the easiest things about the house gecko because their eating habits are very simple.
Much like any other pet, they’re going to eat every single day and they eat very simple and cost effective foods. However, once they grow up and reach full adulthood, it’s not uncommon for them to skip a day so eating once every other day really isn’t that uncommon.
Common house gecko Care
A spacious terrarium would allow the house geckos a vertical space for climbing. Since the male house geckos are territorial, it is better to keep one male per terrarium, females get along.
The terrarium of the house gecko should have at least 2 to 3 inches of substrate to maintain humidity level and to support live plant. Substrate of coconut fiber, reptile bark and mulch bedding is recommended. Aquarium gravel or sand should be avoided.
Some believe that, since house geckos are nocturnal, they do not require exposure to UVB light. However some experts feel that providing UV light is essential as it affects the overall health of the house geckos.
Common house gecko pictures
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