Image by Alois Grundner from Pixabay

Common toad

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Common toad Information

The common toad is a large-sized species of toad that is found throughout Europe. The common toad is also referred to as european toad. it is one of a group of closely related animals that are descended from a common ancestral line of toads and which form a species complex. This european toad has several subspecies that have their distinct geographical vary.

Distribution and habitat

The common toad is most active in wet weather and is most commonly found in areas close to water such as woodlands, forests, marshes and meadows. they are usually found in damp places. it’s found throughout the continent with the exception of Iceland, the cold northern parts of Scandinavia, eire and a number of Mediterranean islands. These include Malta, Crete, Corsica, Sardinia and the balearic islands.

Common toad characteristics

The common toad is generally brown in colour but colours on the skin of the common toad will range from black to inexperienced to yellow. This toad can reach about 15 cm in length. Females are normally stouter than male. the head is broad with a wide mouth below the terminal snout that has two small nostrils.

Scientific Name: Bufo bufo
Lifespan: 10 – 12 years
Origin: Europe
Common Names: european toad
Size: 15 cm

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bufonidae
  • Genus: Bufo
  • Species: B. bufo

Common toad Facts

  • Common toads are usually solitary animals.
  • The toad can reach about 15 cm in length.
  • The toad has warty skin that can be olive-green, grey, reddish or dark brown and covered with dark spots.
  • Its diet includes various insects, spiders, worms and occasionally small snakes and rodents.
  • Mating season takes place from March to June.
  • Female lays several thousand eggs on the vegetation near water and in the water itself.

Toad Behavior / Lifecycle

Common toads are solitary, except during the breeding season. It emerges at dusk and may travel some distance in the dark while hunting. it is most active in wet weather. By morning it has returned to its base and may occupy the same place for several months. They shed their skin regularly and often eat the sloughed skin. Contrary to popular belief, they tend to run rather than hop. when attacked, the common toad adopts a characteristic stance, inflating its body and standing with its hindquarters raised and its head lowered.

Common toad Feeding

The common toad is a carnivorous animal. it’s voracious and grub woodlice, slugs, beetles, caterpillars, flies, earthworms and even small mice. Small, fast moving prey may be caught by a flick of the tongue while larger items are grabbed with the jaws. Having no teeth, it swallows food whole in a series of gulps.

Photo of Common toad

Image by Alois Grundner from Pixabay
Image by Alois Grundner from Pixabay

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