Dwarf Gourami Fish

Dwarf Gourami

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Dwarf Gourami fishes are one of the most prevalent freshwater fishes out there. They resemble excellent and perform a transcendent job of producing a splash of color into your fishbowl. Not only are they excellent fish, but Dwarf Gourami is also very comfortable to hold and won’t need plenty of work on your purpose when it arrives in accepting interest of them.

Because of this combination, these fish will endure a staple of the freshwater aquarium population quite a few times. They manifest few individual behaviors, seeking down their prey similar to genuine hunters.

Content Overview




Colors and Markings

Tank mates

Diet and Feeding

Range Habitat




Dwarf Gourami (Trichogaster lalius), formerly distinguished as Colisa lalia, are dignified-looking freshwater fish belonging to Southern Asia’s slow-flowing rivers, lakes, rice fields, and ponds. The dwarf Gourami is indigenous to Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. However, it has also been extensively scattered outside of its primary area.

The Dwarf Gourami, scientifically acknowledged as the Trichogaster Ialius, is a colorful freshwater fish portion of the Gourami family. They are humble and relaxed and won’t produce any problem with different fish in your vessel. These are schooling fish and favor to stick collectively when attainable, and that way, they seem more relaxed and secure. Most of the time, they can be observed in the central or uppermost level of the tank. Indeed in an association, they, besides, swim moderately slowly and frequently hide nearby.

Dwarf Gouramis are labyrinth fish which indicates they have to receive their oxygen from the surface. They have an organ significantly related to the lungs, which they accept to use in oxygen.


Dwarf Gourami Facts

  • Common Name(s): Dwarf Gourami
  • Scientific Name: Colisa lalia, Trichogaster lalius
  • Origin: Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh
  • Temperature Range: 72 – 82°F (22 – 27°C)
  • Water pH: 6.0 – 7.5
  • Water KH: 4-10
  • Adult Size: Female 2.5 inches, Male 3 inches
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallons
  • Care Level: Easy
  • Color: Multicolored and variable
  • Lifespan: ~5 years
  • Size: 4–4.5 inches
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Family: Osphronemidae
  • Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallons
  • Tank Setup: Freshwater, heavily planted
  • Compatibility: Widely compatible

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopterygii
  • Order: Anabantiformes
  • Family: Osphronemidae
  • Genus: Trichogaster
  • Species: T. lalius

Colors and Markings

Its general name, “dwarf,” furnishes this fish plentiful, as it is one of the most diminutives of the gouramis. This variety can lead to a length of 8.8 centimeters (3.5 in). Male dwarf gouramis in the waste have diagonal stripes of alternating blue and red colors; females are brilliant. Besides the color variation, the sex can be circumscribed by the dorsal fin, and the male’s dorsal fin is designated, while the females are rounded or arched.

The six different variations are the most popular types of Dwarf Gourami as following.

Blue Dwarf Gourami

Their intact body is a bracing blue that blends into their coverings in a way that almost presents their body glow when connected by daytime. Reddish-brown lines move horizontally through their caudices, and a related tone is observed all about the ends of their spines.

Powder Blue Dwarf Gourami

Similar to their blue equivalents, the powder blue is a radiant dimness of blue. However, this color deviation creates the brownish stripes that move the fish’s body enough further robustly.

Neon Blue Dwarf Gourami

The only approach to represent this color deviation is that the intenseness of the blue is highly more muscular. These fish have a nearly alien-like shine to their bodies. The brown stripes observed on the pure blue and powder blue variations are yet there; however, they are not almost as noticeable.

Flame Dwarf Gourami

The Flame Dwarf Gourami’s color resembles similar an excessive flame. Their body is a reddish-orange that enhances faded near the peak of their head, and the consolidated dorsal fin is a deep, stunning blue. The silver color is generally detected at the point of the mixed anal membrane.

Honey Dwarf Gourami

This variety of fish is a slight, bright color aberration. They have a yellow-orange body with translucent dorsal and caudal spines. A slightly apparent variation is a deep brown layer near the bottom of their face, which moves through the united anal spine.

Red Dwarf Gourami

This coloration is commonly the equivalent of the flame variety; however, there are two definite departures. Red Dwarf Gouramis do not have the blue merged dorsal fin exposed on the flame variety, and the overall sharpness of the red is highly more limited. They are more intimate to a medley of orange and brown than the reddish-orange of the flame selves.

Tank mates

Dwarf gouramis are nonviolent and sophisticated neighbors, and they favor being stored in a vessel with non-aggressive and comparatively small fish with related water chemistry essentials. Their absolute tank partners would be the bottom or mid-level of the vessel, as that will preserve territorial balance and liven up your aquarium. They can be excellent supplements to a population tank with proper fixings, and a single variety vessel can also be a fabulous setting.

This fish is generally observed in the equivalent habitats as Tank Gobis and Glassfish in the waste. They are also spotted adjacent to different members of the Osphronemidae group. Other brightly colored varieties can seldom produce male gouramis to display aggression as they are substituted for competitors. Peaceful, little schooling fish are proper tank mates and the most excellent bottom-dwelling fish. Some inherent tank mates may incorporate dwarf cichlids, cardinal tetra, or neon tetra.

Diet and Feeding

Determining the right food is essential if you require your fish to be healthy and sustain intense and beautiful colors. Happily, Dwarf Gourami aren’t highly picky eaters! A diverse diet is necessary to the dwarf gourami, an omnivore that favors algae-based and sinewy foods. An algae-based flake food adjacent to freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp, will present these fish with proper nourishment.

When in tank conditions, they can consume fish and vegetation-based flakes in tablet extents and functional foods. When supplying the Dwarf Gourami, always assure that you give them the proper food for their varieties. If you desire to retain them healthy in their tank conditions, you can infrequently deliver them more energetic foods such as worms.

Range Habitat

Dwarf Gouramis are excellently befitted to smaller aquariums as well as community aquariums. These fish prefer approximately slow-moving waters in creeks, streams, and lakes, happening in regions with plentiful vegetation. They restrain all varieties of canals, ponds, rivers, lakes, creeks, and small rivers. Monsoon rains permit them to investigate new territories by producing small periodically pools prototypes for breeding. They are utilized to lots of lightning, energy, and nutrients in these small ephemeral pools, delivering them a pleasant area to exist. However, when the season is finished, fish move back to their permanent habitats.


Dwarf Gouramis are easy to care for, and they don’t need massive aquariums. They are also a hardy variety and comparatively accepting of water quality. Ideally, they become adjacent with peaceful varieties, presenting them as the excellent centerpiece to a newcomer community vessel. The biggest care concern to be conscious of is the species’ perceptivity to infection.

Tank Size: The tank size for the greatest Dwarf Gourami should be 20-30 gallons, which provides them sufficient space to swim nearby. Some more modest varieties, such as the sparkling Gourami, which only stretch 1.5 inches, can be stored in Nano tanks as small as 5 gallons.

Room temperature: When there is a meaningful distinction among how warm your room and tank water are, this can cause health problems for your fish. They’ll be swimming to the surface to breathe. If the temperature difference is too meaningful, it could damage their small labyrinth organ!

Water Flow: Dwarf Gourami fishes are Anabantoids, which indicates they possess a labyrinth organ that provides them to remove oxygen from the atmosphere, not simply the water. Dwarf Gourami must obtain the atmosphere, and they cannot behave so in stormy water. Slow water flow is the most suitable manner of flow for these fish.


When breeding a Dwarf Gourami, you first have to determine if you want to develop them in the equivalent tank as your primary school of fish or a separate tank. The best approach is to employ a separate tank, notably if your Dwarf Gourami has tank partners that disturb the breeding process. When you’re growing your fish, ensure you hold a close eye on the water temperature in the aquarium.

The water level should be reduced to 7–10 cm (3–4 in) throughout spawning, and the temperature should be around 28–30 °C (86 °F). Vegetation is necessary, as males produce their bubble nest applying plant material, which they join with bubbles. Nests are very elegant and sturdy, leading several inches beyond and an inch broad. After six months, Dwarf Gourami can represent, and the adult males will start producing their egg haunts. You can modify your breeding pairs by supplying them with live food such as worms to start the breeding process and assure that you do this in their breeding habitat.

After the mature male finishes the nest, the females will publish various eggs. The spawning gatherings will remain for two to four hours and generate among 300 and 800 eggs. Dwarf gouramis have the productivity of around 600 eggs, and the males will pick them and store them into the nests they have developed.

Within 25-30 hours after the males have shifted the eggs to the nest, the first grubs will grow and become prominent. These grubs will stay in the nest for some days after they develop. Later three days, they are adequately produced to be free-swimming and depart the nest. When the fry is two to three days old, the male should also be transferred or use young.

After producing, the female should be moved to various tanks. The male will now take sole obligation for the eggs, aggressively protecting the nest and neighboring territory. When first produced, the tiny fry should be served infusorians, and later, brine shrimp and finely crushed flakes. Freeze-dried medicines may also be fed to older fry.

Featured Image: Image by Juan Carlos Palau Díaz from Pixabay

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