European perch

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Content Overview of European perch

History of European perch

European perch, is a medium size freshwater fish native to northern europe. Also known as Redfin perch (redfin), were first introduced to Australia in the 1860s for angling, and are now widespread across much of nsw, ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, south-eastern south australia and the south-western corner of western australia.

Perch also live in brackish water. you find fewer perch in ditches and smaller waters than in the ijsselmeer and other large waters and rivers. Perch is usually known as the european perch, perch, big-scaled redfin, English perch, Eurasian perch, Eurasian stream perch or common perch, may be a predatory species of perch found in Europe and northern Asia. The species may be a widespread quarry for anglers, and has been wide introduced beyond its native space, into Australia, New Zealand, and south africa.

The perch is a distinctive fish, with a deep greenish body marked with dark vertical bands, and the dorsal fin is stiffened with spines. european perch can vary greatly in size between bodies of water. the british record is 2.8 kg, but they grow larger in dry land Europe than in Great Britain. As of might 2016, the official all tackle record recognised by the International sport fish Association (IGFA) stands at a pair of.9 weight unit (6 lb 6 oz) for a Finnish fish caught september 4, 2010. because of the low salinity levels of the sea, particularly round the Finnish archipelago and Bothnian sea, many freshwater fish live and thrive there.

Distribution and habitat

The range of the european perch covers fresh water basins all over Europe, excluding the iberian peninsula. Redfin live in a wide variety of habitats, but prefer still or slow-flowing waters like lakes, dams, billabongs, swamps and slower moving streams and rivers. Their vary is known to reach the Kolyma watercourse in geographic region to the east. it’s additionally common in a number of the briny waters of the sea.

They prefer areas with smart shelter like snags (submerged dead wood and trees), vegetation or rocks, however have additionally been caught in open water. It tends to avoid cold or fast-flowing waters however some specimens penetrate waters of those kind, though they are doing not breed in this habitat.

European perch has been wide introduced, with reported adverse ecological impact when introduction. a awfully wide selection of habitats from body of water lagoons, lakes of all sorts to medium sized streams.

European perch characteristics

Scientific Name: Perca fluviatilis
Lifespan: up to 22 years
Origin: Europe and northern Asia
Common Names: European perch, perch, redfin perch, big-scaled redfin, English perch, Eurasian perch, Eurasian river perch or common perch
Size: 24 inches (60 cm)
PH: 7.0 – 7.5
Temperature: 10°C – 22°C
Water Hardness: 8° to 12° DH,
Fish type:
Aquarium Size: 90 gallon or larger.
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.
Gender:

Lifecycle of European perch

This species favours slow-flowing rivers, deep lakes and ponds, but is also found in the brackish waters of the baltic sea. during first summer, many juveniles move near shores to feed on benthic prey. often feeds on fishes at about 12 cm sl. may undertake short spawning migrations. Males attain first sexual maturity at 1-2 years and females at 2-4 years of age. Spawns in February-July. The egg strand is released as the female swims in spiral clockwise movements, folding herself into a U-shape. All eggs are released and fertilised within about 5 seconds in a single strand, which becomes twisted around and entangled with spawning substrate.

Eggs grouped in long white ribbons (up to 1 m) are found over submerged objects. Its flesh is great and not thus bony. used fresh and frozen; eaten pan-fried and baked. May be captured with natural or artificial bait.

It is common where there is abundant aquatic vegetation, the adults living a relatively solitary existence. The population doubling time is one.4 to 4.4 years. Feeding larvae are absolutely phototactic, board open water and feed on pelagic organisms.

European perch Temperament / Behavior

The perch is a predatory species. Juveniles feed on zooplankton, bottom invertebrate fauna and alternative perch fry, whereas adults take advantage of each invertebrates and fish, principally sticklebacks, perch, roach and minnows. Perch begin feeding alternative fish after they reach a size of around a hundred and twenty metric linear unit.

Male perch become sexually mature at between one and 2 years mature, females between two and four. Perch spawn in stream shallows or lake shores in early spring, utilising substrates (plants, branches etc.) for parturition. The eggs are control along during a long sticky ribbon-like structure, go long from 10cm up to 1.5m for the largest females. This species displays suit behaviour, the males inward at the spawning space before the females, and chasing her as shortly as she arrives within the space. some of males prod their snouts against the female’s belly and once abundant twisting and turning through the interwoven branches close to the surface, the male fertilises the egg ribbon because the feminine lays it over the weeds or alternative submerged objects.

How to take care?

Perch are typically game fish that are found in North America (yellow perch) and Europe (European perch). The fish will reach fairly massive sizes, topping out around 16-24 inches. Perch are naturally aggressive and may be kept alone. Adding alternative varieties of fish to the tank (or even alternative perch) could result in fighting.

Feed the perch a diet of meaty foods like earthworms, tubifex worms, beef heart or feeder cyprinid fish. Perch can eat something that can slot in their mouths. Use caution once exploitation feeder cyprinid fish, as these will leave dangerous ammonia in the tank.

Feeding for European perch

Feeding larvae are positively phototactic, live in open water and feed on pelagic organisms. They may be widely distributed by currents. This can be AN expedient diurnal feeder that preys chiefly throughout sunrise and sunset, victimization all offered prey. Larvae and tiny juveniles typically prey on organism invertebrates. Throughout first summer, several juveniles move close to shores to prey on benthonic prey. usually feeds on fishes at regarding twelve cm foreign terrorist organization. Stocks with different life-histories might co-occur in some lakes typically with different spawning sites and times.

Health and Diseases:

English perch is a medium size freshwater fish. Cucullanus elegans may be a species of parasitic worm. It is an endoparasite of the european perch. Juvenile perch are commonly infected by Camallanus lacustris (Nematoda), Proteocephalus percae, Bothriocephalus claviceps, Glanitaenia osculata, Triaenophorus nodulosus (all Cestoda) and Acanthocephalus lucii (Acanthocephala).

Best food for European perch :

Juveniles feed on zooplankton, bottom invertebrate fauna and other perch fry, whereas adults go after each invertebrates and fish, chiefly sticklebacks, perch, roach and minnows. Redfin perch area unit go after a large type of foods starting from little invertebrates like crustaceans, worms, molluscs and bug larvae to fish. they’re famous to hunt fish either solitarily (by ambushing or stalking their prey) or in unionised teams. The redfin then chase into the shoal whereas the bulk hold position and feed on fleeing fish.

European perch Fish for sale

European perch Fish Price

€20.00

European perch Fish box price

$77

Photo of European perch fish

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Read  Also : Centropomus undecimalis Fish

Reference : Wikipedia

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