Freshwater angelfish

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Freshwater angelfish is also known as Pterophyllum scalare. The most common species of Pterophyllum kept in captivity. It is native to the Amazon Basin in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. Particularly to the Ucayali river in Peru, the Oyapock River in French Guiana, the Essequibo River in Guyana, the Solimões, the Amapá, and the Amazon rivers in Brazil.

Content Overview of Freshwater angelfish

History of Freshwater angelfish

First described by Lichtenstein in 1823, first import to Europe (Germany) by C.Ziggelkow, Hamburg in 1909. Pterophyllum scalare, most commonly referred to as angelfish or freshwater angelfish, is the most common species of Pterophyllum kept in captivity. it is native to the Amazon Basin in Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. particularly to the Ucayali river in Peru, the Oyapock river in French Guiana, the Essequibo river in Guyana, the Solimões, the Amapá, and the Amazon rivers in Brazil.

It is found in swamps or flooded grounds where vegetation is dense and the water is either clear or silty. a similar (cross-breeding possible) P. scalare exists in the Orinoco. they are of the same size and shape, the only difference being its stripes: the Orinoco P. scalare has thinner, but dual stripes.

The number of species in the genus Pterophyllum is uncertain, and it is very likely that the aquarium angelfish originates from a hybrid of two or more species. The frequent importation of wild fishes of perhaps different speed. These fish were first introduced in Europe in about 1920 and were first bred in the United States in 1930.

Distribution and habitat

They inhabit slow-moving waters of rivers in South America: the central Amazon river basin and tributaries to Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and eastern Ecuador. It’s found in numerous river systems, including the Rio Oyapock, Rio Essequibo, Rio Ucayali, Rio Solimões and the main Amazon drainage. It also happens in various rivers in the Brazilian state of Amapá. in the wild these cichlids live in swamps or flooded areas where the vegetation is dense. The water is either is either clear or silty, but their color is stronger in clearer waters.

Pterophyllum scalare characteristics

Scientific Name: Angelfish
Lifespan: 8 – 10 years
Origin: Amazon River
Common Names: Poson lavwel, Almindelig Skalare, Angelfish, Black angelfish, Longfin angelfish
Size: 6 inches (15 cm)
PH: 6-7.5
Temperature: 75°F – 85°F (23°C – 29°C)
Water Hardness: 5° to 13° dH
Fish type: Wild Type
Aquarium Size: 100 gallons or larger.
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.
Gender: male, female

Lifecycle of Pterophyllum Scalare Fish

Pterophyllum Scalare Fish Temperament / Behavior

Pterophyllum Scalare can have a range of temperaments. they are generally peaceful, but can be aggressive eaters and may become territorial while breeding. Overall, however, they are typically reasonably sociable fish that get along with appropriate tank mates. they can sometimes have an aggressive streak, especially if they are mating.

How to take care?

Angelfish come in both marine and freshwater versions and typically grow up to six inches long in captivity. freshwater angelfish are often popular members of consumers’ fish tanks. the beautiful and popular freshwater angelfish (Pterophyllum Scalare) has been a staple of the aquarium hobby for more than 100 years.

Angelfish are susceptible to typical fish ailments, especially if water is stale and of poor quality and oxygenation. One common problem is Ich. It can be treated with the elevation of the tank temperature to 86° F (30° C) for 3 days. If that does not cure the Ich, then the fish needs to be treated with copper (remove any water conditioners).

As with most fish Angelfish are prone to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.), fungal infections, and bacterial infections. it is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases.

Feeding for Pterophyllum scalare

Angels are primarily carnivores in the wild, so feed them regularly with meaty foods like frozen bloodworms, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp and similar fare.

Health and Diseases:

Angelfish are susceptible to typical fish ailments, especially if water is stale and of poor quality and oxygenation. One common problem is Ich. It can be treated with the elevation of the tank temperature to 86° F (30° C) for 3 days. If that does not cure the Ich, then the fish needs to be treated with copper (remove any water conditioners). several copper based fish medications are available for Ich.

Diseases problem including hazards caused by parasitic organisms are the primary threat to further growth of the industry. Diseases caused by parasites are widespread and could diminish the fish in intensively stocked ponds and aquaria. Parasites imported by ornamental fish may present risks, both to native fish populations and to the aquaculture industry. Fish parasites and their effects have become increasingly visible during the latest decades because of the growth of freshwater ornamental fish industries throughout the world.

As with most fish Angelfish are prone to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.), fungal infections, and bacterial infections. it is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases.

Best food for fish:

Angelfish can survive on flake food alone, but they will thrive and be much more apt to breed on a greatly varied diet. Live foods such as Adult brine shrimp, Black Worms, mosquito larvae, finely chopped earthworms and guppy fry are accepted with enthusiasm and should be included regularly. There are many dried foods available that will suffice too.

Pterophyllum scalare Fish for sale

Pterophyllum scalare Fish Price

Price start to $7.49

Pterophyllum scalare Fish box price

Photo of Pterophyllum scalare fish

Image by PublicDomainPictures from Pixabay

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Also read:  Candiru fish

Reference: Wikipedia

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