Galápagos tortoise

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Galápagos tortoise information

The Galápagos tortoise are the biggest living species of tortoise. The Galápagos tortoises are native to seven of the Galápagos Islands, a volcanic archipelago about 1,000 km west of the Ecuadorian mainland. Out of fifteen familiar subspecies of island tortoises, solely eleven are left in the wild.

Distribution and habitat

The populations of Galápagos tortoises that carry on the warmer and drier islands. they’ll survive in several habitats, from dry lowlands to wet highlands. galapagos tortoises that live in drier areas have saddle-shaped shell. galapagos tortoises that live in colder climates have dome-shaped shell that prevents stretching of the necks. All the species of big tortoises found within the galapagos are native to the islands, however all evolved from a typical ascendent that journeyed from the terra firma to reach the islands around 2 to 3 million years past.

Galápagos tortoise characteristics

The tortoises have an outsized bony shell of a boring brown or grey color. The legs are large and dumpy, with dry, scaly skin and hard scales. The front legs have 5 claws, the rear legs four. the largest recorded people have reached weights of over 400 kg and lengths of 1.87 meters. Weights within the larger bodied species vary from 272 to 317 kg in mature males and from 136 to 181 kg in adult females.

Scientific Name: Chelonoidis nigra
Lifespan: 100 years
Origin: Galápagos Islands
Common Names: Galápagos giant tortoise
Size: 1.87 m

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Testudines
  • Suborder: Cryptodira
  • Family: Testudinidae
  • Genus: Chelonoidis
  • Species: C. nigra complex

Galápagos tortoise facts

  • Galapagos tortoises are the largest tortoises that can reach 4 feet in length and 475 pounds of weight.
  • The Galapagos tortoises have brown, protecting shell round the body.
  • Galapagos tortoises that sleep in colder climates have dome-shaped shell that prevents stretching of the necks.
  • Unlike the other animal, galapagos tortoise will survive up to 1 year while not food and water.
  • Galapagos tortoises area unit cold-blooded animals. attributable to that, Galapagos tortoises fancy basking within the sun.
  • The turtle was named by the Spanish explorers who discovered the Galapagos within the sixteenth century.

Galápagos tortoise Behavior / lifecycle

They are known to lead a lazy life, spending about 16 hours a day in sleeping. In the cooler seasons they’re active at midday while throughout the summers they’re mainly active early within the morning and late afternoon. The tortoise withdraws itself into its shell by emitting a hissing sound on being threatened. They spend much of their day soaking up the sun to heat themselves. The tortoises ar slow reptiles with a mean long-distance walking speed of zero.3 km/h. The prelude to mating can be very aggressive, because the male forcefully rams the female’s shell with his own and nips her legs. within the wild, their breeding season is generally between january and August. they look for dry, sandy ground and dig a hole about 12 inches deep.

Feeding for Galápagos tortoise

The tortoises are herbivores that consume a diet of cacti, grasses, leaves, lichens, berries, melons, oranges, and milkweed. They’ll survive longer than six months while not water. In dry environments, they acquire most of their wetness from the dew and sap within the vegetation they consume. This is often due to their terribly slow metabolism and the unique method within which they store massive quantities of fat which may after be weakened into water in their bodies.

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Photo of Galápagos tortoise

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Also Read: Indian Star Tortoise


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