Goliath birdeater facts size diet and habitat

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Goliath birdeater information

The Goliath birdeater belongs to the tarantula family Theraphosidae. Found in northern South America, it is the largest spider in the world by mass and size, but it is second to the giant huntsman spider by leg-span. It is also called the Goliath bird-eating spider; the practice of calling theraphosids “bird-eating” derives from an early 18th-century copper engraving by Maria Sibylla Merian that shows one eating a hummingbird. It only rarely preys on birds.

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Suborder: Mygalomorphae
  • Family: Theraphosidae
  • Genus: Theraphosa
  • Species: T. blondi
  • Binomial name: Theraphosa blondi

Goliath birdeater Description

The leg span can be more than 12 inches. They often have brown coloring that may be light or dark. It depends on the location where they live. They have a great deal of hair covering them. These hairs can be dangerous for humans to breath in. There can be dark stripes on the legs.

Goliath birdeater Behavior

This is very aggressive type of Spider when it comes to territory. You don’t want to have more than one of them as a pet in the same location or they will bitterly fight each other. They can be very fast and very nervous. You want to avoid touching them too. Their hairs can make your skin very irritated and their fangs are dangerous.

They are one of the few species of Spiders that are known to make a type of hissing noise. They do so by rubbing their legs together. Such a sound is a strong indicator that the Spider feels threatened. They aren’t going to retreat and run away so it is best if you leave them alone at that point.

Habitat Goliath birdeater

The Goliath bird eater is native to the upland rain forest regions of northern South America: Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, northern Brazil and southern Venezuela. Most noticeable is in the Amazon rainforest, the spider is terrestrial, living in deep burrows, and is found commonly in marshy or swampy areas. It is a nocturnal species. The spider is part of the local cuisine in northeastern South America, prepared by singeing off the urticating hairs and roasting it in banana leaves. The flavor has been described as “shrimplike”.

Facts

  • The goliath bird-eating spider is the world’s heaviest spider, and also one of the largest in terms of its leg span.
  • Despite the goliath bird-eating spider’s name, birds do not make up much of its diet.
  • The goliath bird-eating spider kills its prey with venom injected through its huge fangs, which are nearly an inch in length.
  • The goliath bird-eating spider can flick irritating hairs from its abdomen to deter attackers.

Goliath birdeater Diet

Despite its name, it is rare for the Goliath birdeater to actually prey on birds; in the wild, its diet consists primarily of other large arthropods, worms, and amphibians.[10] However, because of its size and opportunistic predatory behavior, it is not uncommon for this species to kill and consume a variety of insects and small terrestrial vertebrates. In the wild, T. blondi has been observed feeding on rodents, frogs, toads, lizards, and even snakes.

Life cycle

Unlike other species of spider/tarantula, females do not eat the males during mating. Females mature in 3 to 6 years and have an average life span of 15 to 25 years. Males die soon after maturity and have a lifespan of 3 to 6 years. Colors range from dark to light brown with faint markings on the legs.

Feeding

Even though the Goliath Bird-Eater Spider got its name from eating a bird, they rarely are seen doing so. They typically will consume all types of insects. larger sized Spiders though so they will also eat rodents, snakes, bats, and lizards too. the opportunity to eat whatever comes along. They are often given a diet of cockroaches when they are in captivity.

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Goliath birdeater images

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