Goliath Grouper

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Content Overview of Goliath Grouper

History of Goliath Grouper

Goliath grouper is the largest of the Atlantic groupers. The goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also called “jewfish”, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family. This giant can reach 800 pounds (455 kg) and over 8 feet (2 meters) in length. The florida record is a 680-pound goliath grouper caught off Fernandina Beach in 1961. The species had been targeted each commercially and recreationally since a minimum of the late 1800s.

Epinephelus itajara may be a widespread, slow growing, and aggregating species that has undergone vital population reduction over the past three generations (40.5 years) calculable to be a minimum of 80th based on landings information and underwater visual censuses.

Despite clear and promising signs of recovery in us waters following the 1990 moratorium, the will increase in numbers noted area unit young and juvenile fish (the species takes five to six years to become sexually mature). Therefore a few years of protection are still needed to change populations to recover reproductive potential and vary.

Distribution and habitat

Its range includes the florida keys in the us, the bahamas, most of the Caribbean and most of the Brazilian coast. The goliath grouper occurs within the western atlantic ocean from florida south to Brazil, including the Gulf of mexico and also the caribbean sea. It is also found within the eastern atlantic ocean, from senegal to Congo though rare within the canary islands.

This marine fish inhabits shallow, inshore waters with mud, rock or coral bottoms and is infrequently found below depths of 46 metres. The goliath grouper is notable as one of the few groupers found in brackish waters. This fish is solitary naturally, with the adults occupying restricted home ranges. it’s territorial close to areas of refuge like caves, wrecks, and ledges, displaying an open mouth and quivering body to intruders.

Young Atlantic goliath grouper could sleep in salt estuaries, oyster beds, canals, and mangrove swamps, which is unusual behavior among groupers.

Goliath Grouper characteristics

Scientific Name: Epinephelus itajara
Lifespan: up to 37 years
Origin: Us
Common Names: goliath grouper, jewfish, blackbass, esonue grouper, giant seabass, grouper, hamlet, southern jewfish, and spotted jewfish
Size: 98 inches (248 cm)
PH: 7 – 8
Temperature: N/A
Water Hardness: N/A
Fish type: N/A
Aquarium Size:N/A
Tank Mates: N/A

Lifecycle of Goliath Grouper

Goliath grouper are relatively long-lived, with a maximum known age to be at least 37 years old. Males can be sexually mature at about 115 centimetres (45 in), and ages 4–6 years. Females mature around 125 centimetres (49 in), and about 6–8 years. These teams occur at consistent sites like wrecks, rock ledges and isolated patch reefs during july, August and september. Studies have shown fish could move up to 62 miles (100 km) from inshore reefs to these spawning sites. In southwest florida, plausible entreaty behavior has been observed during the complete moons in August and september.

Epinephelus itajara rely on the protection of the mangrove forests as a result of once their eggs hatch, they settle within the mangrove litter and roots. Thus, the mangroves are crucial in their survival as a result of mangroves function microhabitats that prevent predators from eating the very young juveniles.

Goliath Grouper Temperament / Behavior

The Atlantic goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) is one of the largest members of the sea bass family. Its body is large and stocky, measuring half as wide as it is long. Occurring in shallow, inshore waters to depths of 150 feet (46 m), the Epinephelus itajara prefers areas of rock, coral, and mud bottoms.

How to take care?

Feeding for Goliath Grouper

Goliath grouper are opportunistic predators and feed mostly on slow-moving, bottom-associated species. The species feeds on a good diversity of fishes and invertebrates. it’s a classic apex predator, large, rare and solely some people occur on any given reef unit. Prey is ambushed, caught by a fast enlargement and gap of the mouth that enables prey to be sucked in and engulfed whole. The sharp teeth are tailored for seizing prey and preventing escape though most prey is just engulfed and engulfed whole.

Health and Diseases:

As with other fish, the Atlantic goliath grouper is the host of several species of parasites, including the diplectanid monogenean Pseudorhabdosynochus americanus on its gills.

Best food for Goliath Grouper fish:

Calico crabs frame the bulk of their diet, with alternative invertebrate species and fish filling within the rest. Epinephelus itajara can often kill fish that are trouble on a cord, however they need not been shown to actively seek out quick, free swimming fish like snappers and groupers.

Goliath grouper feed mostly on crustaceans (in particular spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabs), fishes (including stingrays and parrotfishes), octopus, and young ocean turtles. Prey is ambushed, caught with a fast rush and snap of the jaws.

Goliath Grouper Fish for sale

Goliath Grouper Fish Price

generally around $11 to $13 per pound

Goliath Grouper Fish box price

Photo of Goliath Grouper fish

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Read  Also :Barramundi Fish

Reference : Wikipedia

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