Grey Mullet

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Content Overview of Grey Mullet

History of Grey Mullet

The Grey Mullet (Mugil cephalus) is an important food fish species in the mullet family mugilidae. it is found in coastal tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Flathead grey mullet has been farmed for centuries in extensive and semi-intensive ponds in many countries. subsistence farming in ponds and enclosures has been traditional in the Mediterranean region, South East Asia, Taiwan Province of China, Japan and Hawaii.

The grey mullet is the second member of the mugilidae (or mullet) family found in New zealand. In common with the yelloweyed mullet , the grey mullet has two dorsal fins, the first being tall and with four obvious spines.

Grey mullet are dark green to bluish grey on their backs with silvery grey sides and a white belly. Since the early 1960s, flathead grey mullet has also been cultured in semi-intensive ponds with tilapia and carps in Egypt. in the russian federation mullet aquaculture has been practised in the black sea and lake regions since 1930. This species was 1st introduced to be polite with carp in Israel in 1957. within the Philippines, mullet has been raised with milkfish since 1953. The intensive culture of mullet in metropolis was made in impregnated ponds with the normal observe of carp polyculture since 1940. it’s been rumored that mullet are farmed in india since ancient times.

Distribution and habitat

Mugil cephalus is cosmopolitan in the coastal waters of most tropical and subtropical zones. this is a coastal species that always enters estuaries and fresh environments. Adults type huge schools close to the surface over sandy or muddy bottoms and dense vegetation. They migrate offshore to spawn in large aggregations. when reaching a pair of inches (5 cm) long, these young mullet enter slightly deeper waters. gray mullet leap out of the water ofttimes. they will quickly exit the water so as to clear their gills and be exposed to higher levels of oxygen.

within the western atlantic ocean, it’s found from star Scotia, canada south to Brazil, as well as the Gulf of mexico. it’s absent within the land and also the Caribbean. within the eastern atlantic ocean, the striped mullet happens from the Bay of Biscay (France) to south africa, as well as the mediterranean sea and also the sea.

The flathead grey mullet is catadromous, ofttimes found coastally in estuaries and fresh environments. The larvae move inshore to extraordinarily shallow water, that provides cowl from predators further as an upscale feeding ground. when reaching five cm long, these young mullet enter slightly deeper waters.

Grey Mullet characteristics

Scientific Name: Mugil cephalus
Lifespan: 11-20 years
Origin: New zealand
Common Names: striped mullet, black mullet, black true mullet, bright mullet, bully mullet, callifaver mullet, common grey mullet
Size: 12 – 30 inches (30 – 75 cm)
PH: 7 – 8.5
Temperature: 46°F – 75°F (8°C – 24°C)
Water Hardness: 10° to 12° DH,
Fish type: N/A
Aquarium Size: N/A
Tank Mates: N/A

Lifecycle of Grey Mullet

These fish can live to a reported age of up to 25 years with maturity occurring at nine years for males and eleven years for females. Maturity is earned at some three years elderly, comparable to lengths of 7.9-11.8 inches (20-30 cm). Spawning usually happens from January through april at sea. Females mature at a rather larger size than males. Most growth happens throughout the spring and summer months. Adults grow at a rate of one.5-2.5 inches (3.8-6.4 cm) per annum.

Females are larger and grow quicker than males of constant age. The eggs develop within the ocean and juveniles migrate inshore, colonizing the coast zone and estuaries. grey mullet eat protoctist and live inshore, coming into lagoons, estuaries and rivers.

Grey Mullet Temperament / Behavior

The grey mullet is the second member of the mugilidae (or mullet) family found in New zealand. In common with the yelloweyed mullet , the grey mullet has two dorsal fins, the primary being tall and with four obvious spines. a standard noticeable behavior in mullet is that the tendency to leap out of the water. There are two distinguishable styles of leaps: a straight, clean slice out of the water to flee predators and a slower, lower jump whereas turning to its aspect that ends up in a bigger, additional distinguishable, splash.

They even have giant, simply dislodged scales. the explanations for this lower jump are controversial, however are hypothesized to be so as to realize oxygen wealthy air for gas exchange during a tiny organ on top of the throat.

How to take care?

Feeding for Grey Mullet

Mullet feeds on natural food and on the by-products of grain mills and rice polishing plants. Feeding by sucking up the highest layer of sediments, striped mullet take away detritus and microalgae. The feeding behaviour gradually changes with the length. the most trend may be a stronger dependence on benthic detritus and sediment. They additionally acquire some sediments that perform to grind food within the gizzard-like portion of the abdomen. Larval striped mullet feed totally on microcrustaceans. the quantity of sand and detritus within the abdomen contents will increase with length indicating that a lot of food is eaten from the lowest substrate because the fish matures.

Health and Diseases:

Parasites listed include flagellates, myxosporidians and ciliates, as well as monogeneans, trematode adults and metacercariae, acanthocephalans, copepods and isopods. Mortalities associated with heavy infection of the monogenean Benedenia sp. (n.sp.) were recently discovered in a very lake connected to the Gulf of suez.

In these regions, these metacercariae (which encyst within the muscles of mullets) are of extended public health importance. Trematodes that develop from these larvae cause intestinal diseases in humans who consume infected fish. Young mullet below 8 inches (20cm) in length are often heavily infested by adult digenetic trematodes while larger hosts have primarily myxosporidians, copepods, and nematodes as well as larval digenean trematodes.

Best food for Grey Mullet fish:

Grey mullet larvae are carnivorous, visual and selective feeders, feeding on dipteron larvae, copepods and different brute. The grey mullet kill detritus and material that they suck from the substrate. They’re additionally identifie to feed by grazing the surfaces of aquatic plants. The grey mullet are giant fish, ordinarily reaching 500 mm long. They’re considere a valuable food fish, and are notably nice smoke as a result of the oily flesh.

Grey Mullet Fish for sale

Grey Mullet Fish Price

US $150.0-300.0 / Kilograms
2000 Kilograms

Fish box price

Photo of Grey Mullet fish

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Read  Also :  Hoplias Malabaricus Fish

Reference : Wikipedia

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