Content Overview of Hoplias malabaricus
- Distribution and habitat
- Basic characteristics
- Temperament / Behavior
- Fish for sale
- Fish photo
History of Hoplias malabaricus
Hoplias malabaricus, additionally known as the wolf fish, tiger fish or trahira, could be a predatory Central and South yank fresh ray finned fish of the characiform family Erythrinidae. Found in most watercourse systems and within the following countries; Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French geographical region, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, trinidad and tobago, uruguay and venezuela.
Distribution and habitat
A very widespread species encompassing many parts of the South american continent, Central America through to Argentina. Southern Central America to Argentina. Found in most stream systems and within the following countries; Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French geographic area, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, trinidad and tobago, uruguay and venezuela. Malabaricus lives during a vary of habitats. tiny juveniles area unit usually found in muddy puddles left by the drained forests awaiting the floods to appear enabling them to move on.
Hoplias malabaricus characteristics
Scientific Name: Hoplias malabaricus
Lifespan: up to 10 years
Origin: Central and South America
Common Names: wolf fish, tiger fish or trahira
Size: 24 inches (60 cm)
Temperature: 68°F – 78°F (20°C – 26°C)
Water Hardness: 10° to 20° DH,
Aquarium Size: large tank either alone or in a very large tank with similar sized or larger very robust fish
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.
Lifecycle of Hoplias malabaricus
Occurs in a wide range of freshwater habitats from clear, fast flowing, upland streams, to the slow turbid lowland waters, canals, irrigation and drainage ditches, and ponds and alternative still waters. Spends the daylight resting in vegetation and is most active throughout the night. They lives a life up to 10 years.
Eggs are inseminated in the cupped anal fin of the female. once the eggs get sticky, they are born into a pit which can be guarded by the male even till when the eggs have hatched. This species spawns in pits located in shallow water and the males guard the nests even after the eggs have hatched.
Hoplias malabaricus Temperament / Behavior
Large specimens of hoplias malabaricus need terribly careful handling as a result of they have sturdy teeth, terribly powerful jaws and that they are extremely aggressive. A bite from one might impose a heavy injury.
A highly aggressive and predatory fish. Not overly active, it will often spend a lot of time on the substrate waiting for dinner. The length for this species is about 55 cm and the maximum weight is regarding 8 kilogram. Like different members of the genus Hoplias this species has a cylindrical body form with an outsized mouth equipped with distinguished teeth.
Hoplias malabaricus is a highly aggressive species that can’t ordinarily be kept with other fish as it gets older.
How to take care?
Hoplias malabaricus (Wolf Fish) needs due to their size and temperament large aquariums or even better ponds. Likes a large tank, 75 gallon, with places to hang out, like roots and branches. in the wild these fish will lay dead still resting on a root or rock and once the correct size prey swims on it’ll spring into action.
The vivarium ought to be embellished with many concealing places that are big enough for the fish. Floating plants and dim lighting is most popular.
Feeding on smaller fish and insects in the wild, the wolf fish may be a true predator, but can consume most non-live foods, however in fact can appreciate a feeder fish or two if you have the resources.
Feeding for Hoplias malabaricus
They should only be feed meaty food. (no vegetables) Hoplias malabaricus (Wolf Fish) are best feed at night. Since they are predators a fish based diet is essential. they will eat dead food like smelt/lance fish, white bait, prawns, mussels and earthworms. they will also take strips of filleted fish.
Health and Diseases:
Nematode infection indices were recorded in Hoplias malabaricus captured in six different rivers and a marsh belonging to the North Coast Basin of colombia, and from the amazon river, during february 2003-December 2004. Parasites were mostly found in the intestinal mesenteries and a very low percentage in muscle. Parasite prevalence in all sampling locations at the north of Colombia was 100%, whereas within the river it had been 6.12%. Size and weight correlate significantly with parasite intensity in fish collected from sampling locations at the north of colombia.
Best food for Hoplias malabaricus fish:
Hoplias malabaricus (Wolf Fish) are extremely simple to feed as they’ll try and eat something that matches into their mouth. Wild adults go after alternative fish that are eaten up whole, juveniles go after insects, crustaceans and worms. In captivity feed them with a combination of shell fish, prawns, earthworms, whole frozen fish like lancefish, sardines, whitebait.
Hoplias malabaricus Fish for sale
Hoplias malabaricus Fish Price
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Photo of Hoplias malabaricus fish
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Read Also : Neon Tetra Fish
Reference : Wikipedia