Content Overview of House mouse
The house mouse is one of the most abundant species of the genus mus. Mus musculus is a small mammal of the order rodentia, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail. forms of this species living in association with man (‘commensal’ forms) tend to be larger and darker than ‘wild’ forms, and have longer tails.
The house mouse is one of the most widely distributed and successful mammals in the world. Laboratory mice derived from the house mouse are by far the most common mammalian species used in genetically engineered models for scientific research. although a wild animal, the house mouse mainly lives in association with humans.
Distribution and habitat
The house mouse is a small mammal named for its propensity to live within human habitats. Native to Asia, these rodents have spread throughout the world. House mice generally live in close association with humans. A house mice in a city environment may spend its entire life in buildings. In rural and suburban settings, it may not only live inside, but be found outside near foundations, in the shrubbery, weeds, crawl spaces, basements, or in garages.
They nest in woodpiles, beneath floors, behind rafters and in other concealed locations. in the wild state, the house mouse lives in crevices in rocks or in underground burrows. Some individuals spend the summer in fields and move into barns and houses with the onset of cool autumn weather. because of their association with humans, house mice have been able inhabit inhospitable areas (such as tundra and desert) which they would not be able to occupy independently.
House mouse characteristics
House mice have an adult body length of 7.5–10 cm and a tail length of 5–10 cm. Their fur ranges in color from light brown to black, and they generally have white or buffy bellys. they have long tails that have very little fur and have circular rows of scales (annulations).
The weight is typically 40–45 g. they have short hair and some, but not all, sub-species have a light belly. The ears and tail have little hair. The voice is a high-pitched squeak. House mice tend to have longer tails and darker fur when living closely with humans. many domestic forms of mice have been developed that vary in color from white to black and with spots.
Scientific Name: Mus musculus
Lifespan: 2 years
Origin: North American
Common Names: Common House Mouse, Domestic House Mouse
Size: 3 – 8 cm
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Rodentia
- Family: Muridae
- Genus: Mus
- Subgenus: Mus
- Species: M. musculus
House mouse Temperament / Behavior
House mice usually run, walk, or stand on all foursThey can stand on the hind legs, as well, and are supported by the tail, which also provides balance while in motion. Mice are good jumpers, climbers, and swimmers, and are generally considered to be thigmotactic, i.e. usually attempts to maintain contact with vertical surfaces.
Mice are territorial, and one dominant male typically lives beside many females and young. If two or more males are housed along during a cage, they typically become aggressive unless they need been raised along from birth.
Mice are usually frightened of rats which frequently kill and eat them, a behavior referred to as muricide. House mice are fast runners (up to eight miles per hour), sensible climbers, jumpers, and additionally swim well. Despite this, they rarely travel over fifty feet from their established homes.
Feeding for House mouse
House mice primarily feed on plant matter, but are omnivorous. A mouse prefers seeds, cereal grains, or sweets but can eat virtually anything. Mice do not need much water; they get most of their water requirements from their food. They eat their own faeces to acquire nutrients produced by bacteria in their intestines. The house mouse prefers seeds and nuts in its diet, but this opportunistic feeder will eat almost anything available.
Health and Diseases:
House mice can sometimes transmit diseases, contaminate food, and damage food packaging. House mice are not sometimes a vector of human plague (bubonic plague) because they have fewer infestations with fleas than do rats, and because the fleas which house mice normally carry exhibit little tendency to bite humans rather than their natural host.
Rickettsialpox, caused by the bacterium rickettsia akari and similar to chickenpox, is spread by mice in general, but is extremely rare and generally mild and resolves within 2–3 weeks if untreated. No known deaths have resulted from the disease.
Photo of House mouse
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Also Read: Lasiodora parahybana
Reference : wikipedia.org