The Kathiawari or Kathiawadi is a breed of horse from the Kathiawar peninsula in western India. It is associated with the Kathi people of that area. It is closely related to the Marwari horses of Rajasthan; both breeds have been influenced by imported Arab horses. Most of the horses of this breed are descendants of the horses bred by royal families. Kathiawari horses are use primarily as a riding horse due to their temperament, strength and endurance.
Its origins are in the middle eastern land of Saurashtra region in State of Gujarat in India. These horses were originally bred for use as cavalry mounts and warhorses that could travel long distances on very little rations. It is found in all colours except for black, and is most commonly chestnut. Its numbers diminished after Indian independence, and today there are few Kathiawaris left. Today it is use for riding, in harness and for sports. It may be use as a police horse and for the sport of tent-pegging.
There were indigenous horses on the western coast of India before the arrival in the early sixteenth century of the Turco-Mongol invaders who later established the Mughal Empire. During the Mughal Empire, Arabian horses were brought to the Indian subcontinent and bred with local horses, which created the ancestors of today’s Kathiawaris. The addition of Mongolian horse blood also improved the breed. This breeding practice was continued even during the british rule in India.
Originally, these horses were bred to be used as warhorses and cavalry mounts that would be able to travel over long distances even when there were small rations to go around. They bred for wiry, sleek horses that were ideal for war, and Kathiawaris were noted for their loyalty and bravery in battle, often defending their riders even when wounded themselves. This breeding was maintained until the Independence of India.
Although still mainly bred in the Kathiawar peninsula, it is also found in the maharashtra and Rajasthan states. It is believe that a few local horses were cross-bred with Arabian horses. During the early days of the breed, chiefs and princes in Kathiawar maintained the Kathiawari horse breed to produce strong and hardy warhorses that could take on a day-long battle.
The Kathiawari is closely related to the Marwari breed from the Marwar region of Rajasthan, which borders with northern Gujarat. The Kathiawari is a sturdy, square horse that stands no more than 14.2 hands high.
Chestnut is the most common colour, followed by bay, grey and dun. The black color does not appear in the breed. Skewbald patterns can occur. The Kathiawari horse has large eyes, a short muzzle, a large forehead, and big nostrils set in a concave head, itself set high on a short neck. Although well-proportioned, many Western breeders consider them to be lacking in bone in the legs.
The Kathiawari has the most extremely curved ears of any breed of horse. Like many desert breeds, the Kathiawari can subsist on minimal rations and water and is more resistant to the heat than breeds developed in colder climates. The most striking feature of the Kathiawari horse is its ears, which touch each other. This physical characteristic is often use to distinguish the pure breed from mixed bloodlines.
Scientific name: n/a
Breed Name: Kathiawari
Other Name: Kathiawadi, Kathi, Cutchi, Kutchi
Breed Purpose: driving, riding, used by the Indian army and police mount
Breed Size: 15 hands
Weight: 606 lbs
Coat Color: most common colour, followed by bay, grey and dun
Country/Place of Origin: India
What is use Kathiawari?
This Kathiawari breed was developed for the WAR horse, and also for the Pleasure riding purpose. The primary occupation today for the Kathiawari breed horses is mainly for the pleasure riding, competition riding, and mainly used by the farmers to go one place to another. but never used for the Farming work. Some are use by Indian police forces, sometimes for tent-pegging, to which the Kathiawari is well suit. In 1995, annual breed shows were hosted by the breed association.
How to tack care Kathiawari?
Kathiawari horses do not need special care. they are the most comfortable riding horses, with great stamina, their paces are light and free with an elevated trot capable of great extension. They require the shelter or shed which will help the horses to save them from wind and rainfall. ensure that clean air and water facility should be there in selected land. High quality alfalfa or grass is given to the mare during pregnancy stage. The Kathiawari, aside from being resilient and well-adapted to severe weather conditions, can exist at starvation-level rations.
Feeding & Grooming
Horse needs the food which is healthy, nutritious and satisfies their hunger needs. They love to eat sprouts of cereal grain. For good performance of horses sunflower seeds in little amount is given to the horse as it will increase protein level in their body. Only fodder is not sufficient in horse diet. Along with fodder, dry roughage is also given to complete horse feed. Grain hays and grass hays are best in feed diet.
Grooming your Kathiawari Horse regularly will ensure that his skin and coat remain smooth, shiny, attractive, and healthy. These loyal and affectionate horses will also thoroughly enjoy the attention that you can give them during every grooming session. For sensitive areas, such as the face and legs, you can use a body finishing brush, as well as a dampened cloth.
Advantages of Kathiawari
- Today it is use for riding, in harness and for sports.
- It may be use as a police horse and for the sport of tent-pegging.
- A breed register is kept by the Kathiawari Horse Breeders’ Association, which also organises annual shows.
- In addition to their bravery and loyalty, these horses are also highly active and intelligent, so they do well with all levels of riders, and they can perform well in a variety of disciplines.
Disadvantages of Kathiawari
- The Kathiawari originated in the Kathiawar peninsula in Western India and is probably a mix between the Arabian and other desert breeds.
- These are the hallmarks of the Kathiawari breed.
- The Kathiawaris were known for their courage and loyalty in battle, defending their master even after being wounded.
- The most distinguishing characteristic of these horses is their inward-curving ears, which touch or may overlap each other at the tips.
- The Kathiawari breed horse averages 13 hands to 14-5 in height and odd Stallions goes up to the 14-5 hands to 15-2 hands in height.
- It is found in all colours except for black, and is most commonly chestnut.
Depend on the breed
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Reference : wikipedia.org