Mediterranean house gecko

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Mediterranean house gecko information

Binomial name: Hemidactylus turcicus

Life span: Maximum longevity: 8.4 years

Size: 13cm

Mediterranean house gecko Description

The Mediterranean gecko is a relatively small, 4 – 5 in (10 – 13 cm), species that has become ubiquitous in certain areas of the United States. Unlike any native lizard, geckos have sticky toe pads, vertical pupils, and their large eyes lack eyelids. These geckos are generally light gray or almost white in color, but may have some darker mottling. This species is most easily distinguished from the similar Indo-pacific gecko by its bumpy (warty) skin. The Mediterranean gecko can usually be found praying on insects near external houselights or other forms of lighting on warm nights.

Scientific classification Mediterranean house gecko

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Family: Gekkonidae
  • Genus: Hemidactylus
  • Species: H. turcicus
  • Binomial name: Hemidactylus turcicus

Mediterranean house gecko Behaviour

Mediterranean house geckoes emit a distinctive, high-pitched call somewhat like a squeak or the chirp of a bird, possibly expressing a territorial message.

They are voracious predators on moths and small roaches, and are attracted to outdoor lights in search of these prey. Although a calling male decorated cricket (Gryllodes supplicans) may be located safely out of reach in a burrow, female crickets attracted to the male’s call can be intercepted and eaten.

History Mediterranean house gecko

It is uncertain how the Mediterranean gecko first made its way to the United States. It was first reported in Key West, Florida 1915. that this gecko was probably a stowaway on a ship from the Mediterranean area. Mediterranean geckos are quite common in the pet trade, which has no doubt led to its spread across the United States. Currently, this species has high numbers in Florida, and has established breeding populations all along Southern states.

Mediterranean house gecko Habitat and Ecology

It is extremely adaptable species. It is found in shrubland, rocky areas, salt marshes, coastal areas, cliffs, caves, on stone walls in agricultural areas and it is common in urban environments, including inside buildings. The females lay two to three clutches per year of one to two eggs.

Substrates and Furnishings

Several substrates will work for house gecko maintenance. Simple and low maintenance options include paper towels and newspaper, which work well but lack aesthetic appeal.

Alternatively, you can use organic potting soil, cypress mulch, orchid bark or leaf litter if you want a more natural look. Change paper substrates two to three times per week; for particulate substrates, perform a daily spot cleaning and periodically replace all of the substrate. Include several live or artificial plants and branches to give your gecko places to hide and climb.

Food and Water

Mediterranean house geckos are primarily insectivorous; they will thrive on a diet of crickets, mealworms, waxworms, silkworms and roaches. Provide your gecko with five to six weekly feedings, each consisting of several insects. Do not allow uneaten crickets to roam the enclosure, as they may chew on your gecko’s skin.

Offer insects no longer than your gecko’s head is wide. Once or twice per week, dust the feeder insects with a vitamin and mineral supplement before feeding them to your gecko. Mist your gecko’s enclosure once per day to elevate the cage humidity and provide your gecko with droplets of water to drink. Though most house geckos will not drink from a water dish, it is a good idea to include one anyway.

Mediterranean house gecko care

Mediterranean house geckos are primarily insectivorous; they will thrive on a diet of crickets, mealworms, waxworms, silkworms and roaches. Provide your gecko with five to six weekly feedings, each consisting of several insects. Do not allow uneaten crickets to roam the enclosure, as they may chew on your gecko’s skin.

Maintenance

Mediterranean geckos need high humidity (60-70%), which requires lightly misting the habitat 2-3 times per day or including live potted plants. You may find that the gecko drinks droplets of water deposited by the misting. If so, you can remove the shallow dish. Your gecko will need live foods. The food offered should be small enough to fit into the animal’s mouth. Suitable foods include flightless Drosophila, crickets, mealworms, Super worms, and wax worms. Vary the amount fed until you find the schedule that suits your gecko. At least once a week dust the food with a calcium/vitamin supplement.

Also More: Leopard Gecko care size diet fact and habitat

Mediterranean house gecko pictures

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