The Mongolian Horse or Mongol horse is the native horse breed of Mongolia. The breed is purported to be largely unchanged since the time of genghis khan. Despite their small size, they are horses, not ponies. Mongolian horses were the intercontinental ballistic missiles of the thirteenth century. Of the three million horses inhabiting the vast Mongolian steppe, the great majority of them live in huge quasi-feral herds. They live, eat and die here having to survive temperature extremes from minus 40 degrees celsius in winter to plus 30 in the summer.
The mare’s milk is processed into the national beverage airag. Some animals are slaughtered for meat. other than that, they serve as riding and transport animals; they are used both for the daily work of the nomads and in horse racing. The breed is purported to be largely unchanged since domestication and has a high productivity. they are a popular choice among horse owners in the present times.
Mongolian Horse History
The Mongolian horse is a very ancient breed. The origins of the Mongolian breed are hard to determine. Nomads of the central Asian steppes have been documented as riding horses since 2000 bc. A 1918 census of Mongolian animals found 1,500,000 horses.
Rarely did a breed play such a historic role, since it is partly because of the exceptional strength of the Mongolian horse that genghis khan could conquer an empire from China to the center of Europe in the 13th century!
The Mongolian horse is theorized to be the founding stock for many other horse breeds in Asia, including the Tuvinian, Akhaltekin, Yunan, Japanese and Cheju. A comparison of Mongol horses, Japanese horses, and Arab Anglo/Thoroughbred horses found that Mongol horses had the highest genetic diversity.
Mongolian horses are also linked to Scandinavian breeds, as well as horses from Iceland, the british Isles, and Central Europe, with the Icelandic Horse being quite similar to the Mongolian, as an example.
Mongolian Horse Characteristics
The breed is small-sized, easy to mount and dismount from, very suitable for children, the elderly and women. Mongol horses are of a stocky build, with relatively short but strong legs and a large head. They weigh about 600 lbs and range in size from 12 to 14 hands high. Their cannon bone external circumference is about 8 inches (200 mm).
Their strong legs feature good joints but are short, and the hooves should be sound and hard. Overall, this heavyset physique makes them energetic, strong, and athletic. And even though they are petite horses, the Mongolian has a high amount of stamina.
You can find the Mongolian horse in a wide range of colors. The mane and tail of the Mongol horse are very long. Mongolian horses have great stamina; although they have small bodies, they can gallop for 10 km without a break. when pulling a cart, a team of four Mongol horses can draw a load of 4400 lbs for 50–60 km a day.
Scientific name: Equus ferus caballus
Breed Name: Mongolian Horse
Other Name: Mongol horse
Lifespan : 20 – 40 years
Breed Purpose: riding, racing, Milk
Mongolian Horse Size: 12 hands to 14 hands
Weight: up to 600lb
Mongolian Horse Coat Color: Dun, Black, Bay, Shun, White, Brown, Roan, Grey, Palomino
Country/Place of Origin: Mongolia
What is use Mongolian Horse?
The male horses are used for transportation, racing and occasionally, meat. The mares are rarely ridden but are used for milk (up to six times a day in summer) and breeding. Some horses are kept for the use of the family as riding horses, older quieter horses area unit ridden by children/women, and everyone in the family will have favourite horses.
How to tack care Mongolian Horse?
The horses are allowed to live much the same as wild horses, they require little in the way of hoof care. The hooves are left untrimmed and unshod, and few farriers are in the country. Mongol horses have hard, strong hooves and seldom have foot problems.
Veterinary care is similarly basic. they might clean out a wound (with petrol) themselves and cut off rotten flesh, but they cannot put a horse on box rest or an equivalent as it will starve. Mongolian horses have a strong instinct to care for and protect their foal, ability to select pasture, run out of unknown places and use their senses to predict the climate.
Grooming & Feeding
Drinks less amount of water or even eats snow in winter when in the wild. Mongolian horses have a special ability to dig out dry grasses from under the snow and feed themselves. using such pasture, horses survive the winter season.
Regular grooming sessions will help to ensure the animal’s health and happiness. Plus, grooming is a great way to bond with your horse and develop a stronger level of trust, which is important. you could use a combination of a curry comb, body finishing brush, dandy brush, and shedding blade to thoroughly remove dirt, debris, and loose hair from your horse’s coat. when you need to clean around sensitive areas, such as the eyes and ears, a damp, soft cloth could do the trick.
Advantages of Mongolian Horse
- They have long, sloping rumps and tough, round hooves, and rarely wear horseshoes.
- Their coats are coarse and their mane and tail hair is tough, used for braided rope and violin bows.
- They live in the open all year, resistant to extreme heat and cold, and able to survive on little feed, grazing for what they can find.
- When pulling a cart, a team of four Mongol horses can draw a load of 4400 lbs for 50–60 km a day.
Disadvantages of Mongolian Horse
Mongolian Horse facts
- The Mongol horse is the native horse breed of Mongolia.
- The breed is imagined to be for the foremost half unchanged since the time of genghis khan.
- The mare’s milk is processed into the national beverage airag.
- They live, eat and die here having to survive temperature extremes from minus 40 degrees celsius in winter to plus 30 in the summer.
- They eat grass and little else, drink water as they find it and are rarely given any nutritional extras by their human compatriots.
- In spite of their small body stature, they have immense stamina, being able to gallop for about 10 km at a stretch.
- One of the chief attractions of Nadam, a traditional festival of Mongolia is horse racing where this breed is widely used for races covering a distance of 15km to 30 km.
- They weigh about 600 lbs and range in size from 12 to 14 hands high.
Mongolian Horse price
Depend on the breed.
Mongolian Horse for Sale
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Mongolian Horse pictures
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Reference : wikipedia.org