Natterjack Toad Information
The natterjack toad is a toad native to sandy and heathland areas of Europe. Natterjack toads are claimed to be Europe’s noisiest amphibian, with the male call audible over several kilometres. Being poor swimmers, they drown in deep water if they can’t get ashore. This species’ natural distribution in ireland is restricted to a handful of coastal habitats in Kerry, though there are a few populations elsewhere in the country as a result of deliberate introductions.
Distribution and habitat
They are commonly found in salt marshes, sand dune systems and lowland heaths. They’re often related to shallow, warm ponds in ridge slacks as they require warmer water in which to breed with success. In mainland Europe, notably within the southern a part of its vary, it lives midland in a very type of habitats. natterjack Toads are found on concerning sixty sites in britain and occur on a small number of sites in south-west Ireland.
Natterjack Toad characteristics
The natterjack toad has a body length of 6 – 8 cm. female natterjack Toads are larger than male natterjack Toads. natterjack Toads are distinguished from the common toad by a yellow line down the center of the rear. The toads dorsal surfaces are pale brown, olive or grey, with red, brown or green-coloured warts. they have relatively short legs, and this gives them a distinctive gait, contrasting with the hopping movement of many other toad species. Natterjacks have a very loud and distinctive mating call amplified by the single vocal sac found under the chin of the male.
Scientific Name: Epidalea calamita
Lifespan: 10 – 15 years
Common Names: n/a
Size: 6 – 7 cm
Natterjack Toad Facts
- This is the only Toad species native to Ireland.
- They have relatively short legs, and this gives them a distinctive gait.
- Their mating season starts during late April and continues through July.
- The call of the male Natterjack Toad can be heard from distances of several kilometers.
- These creatures are often considered to be the noisiest amphibians of Europe.
- The average lifespan of toad can aroung 10 – 15 yeas.
Natterjack Toad Behavior / Lifecycle
Natterjacks are mostly nocturnal. The natterjack toad spawns between the end of april and july, laying ‘strings’ of eggs in shallow pools. they may lay 3000 – 4000 eggs, which hatch within 5 – 8 days. they are quite aggressive in nature and chase their prey so as to catch them. They rest at their burrow entrances throughout daytime so that they can escape into the burrows if threatened by a potential predator.
Feeding for Natterjack Toad
Adults feed on insects, particularly moths, as well as spiders, woodlice, snails and worms. The tadpoles feed on algae and vegetation till they’re about 38 days old when they begin to feed on animal tissue.
Photo of Natterjack Toad
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