The Percheron is a breed of draft horse that originated in the Huisne river valley in western France, part of the former Perche province from which the breed takes its name. The Percheron is another of the gentle giants of the horse world. because of their docile natures, they can be good horses for beginner riders.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Arabian blood was added to the breed. Exports of Percherons from France to the united states and other countries rose exponentially in the late 19th century, and the first purely Percheron stud book was created in France in 1883.
They were originally bred for use as war horses. Over time, they began to be used for pulling stagecoaches and later for agriculture and hauling heavy goods. The ancestors of the modern day Percheron served as war horses carrying knights into battle instead as draft animals in the field. As agricultural pursuits began to take precedence over battles, these horses were bred more for size, weight and strength.
Most often black or gray, Percherons boast some Arabian blood in their ancient lineage, resulting in a somewhat more refined head than other draft breeds and relatively little leg feathering.
In the time of the crusades, the horses from le Perche were in great demand as war horses. The Percheron breed was developed in the Perche province of the normandy region of France and the earliest horses may have been a cross between the Barbs brought by the Moors, and the large Flemish draft or ‘great horse’ breeds.
By the 1700’s, as trade and commerce grew, they became popular as coach horses and farm horses. as the need grew for more driving horses, so did the necessity for heavy draft horses to move large loads from docks and railheads. during the 1800s, the French Government developed the breed further to use as cavalry horses.
In 1820, two grey Arab stallions were imported to breed exclusively to the horses from le Perche.
They are generally gray or black in coloring, although the american registry also allows the registration of roan, bay and chestnut horses. Only gray or black horses may be registered in France and britain. Their manes and tails can be thick and often wavy. These horses are also deep and wide through the chest, they have well sprung ribs, and they have a level croup and large, round hips.
The size considered ideal for the Percheron varies between countries. In France, height ranges from 15.1 to 18.1 hands and weight from 1,100 to 2,600 pounds. Percherons in the united states generally stand between 16 and 17 hands. Several horses have white markings on their heads and legs, but registries consider excessive white to be undesirable.
Scientific name: Equus ferus caballus
Breed Name: Percheron
Other Name: n/a
Breed Purpose: parades, sleigh rides and hayrides
Breed Size: 16 hands to 19 hands
Weight: up to 2000 pounds
Coat Color: gray horses. Sorrel, bay, roan, and chestnut
Country/Place of Origin: France
What is use Percheron?
Tractable and an easy keeper, it is a versatile and adaptable breed of draft horse which was used widely for carriage driving and farm work. The Percheron is still used extensively for draft work and, like other draft breeds, it is also utilized in France for meat production. Originally bred as war horses, Percherons today are most often seen driven in harness. as a result of they are compact, they’re ideal for use in logging.
Around the world, Percherons are used for parades, sleigh rides and hayrides, as well as being used to pull carriages in large cities.
How to tack care Percheron?
The Percheron is noted for its equable temperament, its intelligence, ease of handling and willingness to work. The Percheron is an easy keeper, and not particularly susceptible to health problems. Despite their great size, Percherons are active, showy and easy movers. Their stride is not as choppy as that of other heavy horses. Its action is stylish, long, free and comparatively low.
Like any heavy draft breed, it is resistant to most weather conditions and for its size, surprisingly does not need excessive amount of food to keep it in good condition.
However, due to it’s thin skin and fine satiny coat this could indicate that it is not as hardy in extreme winter conditions as other draft types.
Feeding & Grooming
Percherons are big eaters, easily eating 30 pounds of hay and over 5 pounds of grain and other supplements per day. Good grooming is especially important to the Percheron, whose coat can become heavy when the climate is cold. Use a curry comb to remove dirt and loose hair, as well as a body finishing brush to clean sensitive areas on the horse’s body, such as the face and the legs.
Advantages of Percheron
Disadvantages of Percheron
The hair that is found around this horse’s ankles could attract bacteria from the soil and make the animal susceptible to pododermatitis.
- The Percheron is a breed of draft horse that originated in the Huisne river valley in western France.
- They were used to improve both the ardennes and Vladimir heavy Draft horses, and to create the Spanish-Norman breed, a cross between the andalusian and the Percheron.
- The Percheron as a breed is usually either grey or black.
- Percherons can range in height from 15-19 hands and up to 2000 pounds weight.
Depend on the breed.
Percheron for Sale
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Read Also: Clydesdale Horse
Reference : wikipedia.org