Red deer

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Content Overview of Red deer

Red deer Information

The red deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest deer species. The red deer has long been hunted for both sport and food. the size and complexity of the antlers increase as the stag gets older. red deer have reddish-brown fur in summer, which becomes grey-brown in winter.

The closely related and slightly larger american elk or deer, native to North America and eastern parts of Asia, had been thought to be a subspecies of deer, however recently it has been established as a definite species.

Distribution and habitat

Red deer are patchily distributed in the UK; they are widespread and locally common in northern scotland. The deer inhabits most of Europe, the caucasus mountains region, Asia Minor, Iran, components of western Asia, and central Asia. The closely connected and slightly larger american elk or wapiti, native to North America and eastern components of Asia, had been considered a subspecies of deer.

It also inhabits the atlas mountains region between Morocco and tunisia in northwestern continent, being the sole species of ruminant to inhabit continent. In several areas, populations of this species are thought to air the rise, however numbers in Wales square measure low. The ruminant of central and western Europe vary greatly in size, with some of the largest ruminant found within the carpathian mountains in Central Europe.

Red deer characteristics

The red deer is the fourth-largest deer species behind moose, elk and sambar deer. The deer of central and western Europe vary greatly in size, with a number of the largest deer found in the carpathian mountains in Central Europe.

In Scotland, stags average 201 cm (79 in) in head-and-body length and 122 cm (48 in) high at the shoulder and females average one hundred eighty cm (71 in) long and 114 cm (45 in) tall. European deer tend to be reddish-brown in their summer coats. The males of the many subspecies additionally grow a brief neck mane throughout the autumn. Male ruminant of all taxon, however, tend to possess stronger and thicker neck muscles than female deer, which can offer them an look of getting neck manes.

Scientific Name: Cervus elaphus
Lifespan: 15 – 20 years
Origin: Europe
Common Names: Cervus
Size: 2.1 m
Weight: 200kg

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Subfamily: Cervinae
  • Genus: Cervus
  • Species: C. elaphus

Red deer Facts

  • Red deer (Cervus elaphus) are the largest native land animal to occur in the uk.
  • The deer is that the fourth-largest deer species behind deer, elk and sambar deer.
  • European red deer have a relatively long tail compared to their Asian and North american relatives.
  • The males have spectacular antlers, that vary and might span up to 1m wide.
  • Red deer have reddish-brown fur in summer, which becomes grey-brown in winter.

Red deer Temperament / Behavior

Mature this deer usually stay in single-sex groups for most of the year. Dominant stags follow teams of hinds throughout the rut, from August into early winter. throughout the union season, known as the rut, mature stags compete for the attentions of the hinds and can then attempt to defend the hinds they attract. The rut, or union season, lasts for a couple of month in early fall. typically one calf is born in could or june, however twins are frequent in smart habitats.

Feeding for Red deer

The deer are browsers naturally, pull off leaves from oak, birch and rowan trees. In open habitats, the ruminant become primarily grazers, cropping grass and browsing from tiny shrubs appreciate heather.

Red deer of fish

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Image by Lars_Nissen from Pixabay

Also Read: White-tailed deer

Reference: wikipedia.org

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