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Content Overview of Reindeer

Reindeer Information

The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America and in Europe, they’re referred to as cervid. Cervid additionally typically refers to domesticated animals, whereas caribou refers to wild populations. It absolutely was initial domesticated around 2,000 years past, consistent with the Smithsonian.

Antlers are the reindeer’s most unforgettable characteristic. as compared to body size, cervid have the most important and heaviest antlers of all living ruminant species. Caribou have long legs, hooves and antlers. A warm, insulating coat and enormous hooves are very important to their survival strategy against the acute cold and snow of the Arctic.

Distribution and habitat

There is strong regional variation in rangifer herd size. There are giant population of the Caribou in the world. they’re found in tundra, of Scandinavia and northern Russia, Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, Canada, mountains and forest habitats. giant populations of untamed caribou ar still found in norway, Finland, Siberia, Greenland, alaska and canada. caribou are domesticated in Europe. Forest Caribou are a lot of less varied.

Reindeer characteristics

In most populations both the male and female reindeers grow antlers. they have the biggest antlers relative to body size among living deer species. These antlers fall off and develop each year.

In the largest race, the antlers of enormous males will vary up to 100 cm (39 in) in breadth and 135 cm (53 in) in beam length. The males area unit usually mensuration 180–214 cm long and typically deliberation 159–182 kg. giant males have weighed as much as 318 kg. Shoulder height is typically 85 to 150 cm, and also the tail is 14 to 20 cm long. they’re conjointly comparatively short-legged and will have a shoulder height of as very little as eighty cm.

Scientific Name: Rangifer tarandus
Lifespan: 4.5 years
Origin: North America
Common Names: Caribou
Size: 85 – 150 cm height
Weight : 160 – 180 kg
Speed : 60 – 80 km/h

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Subfamily: Capreolinae
  • Tribe: Rangiferini
  • Genus: Rangifer
  • C.H. Smith, 1827
  • Species: R. tarandus

Reindeer Facts

  • Both the males and females grow antlers.
  • Their noses are specially designed to warm the air before it gets to their lungs.
  • Reindeer hooves expand in summer once the bottom is soft and shrink in winter once the bottom is tough.
  • Some North american cervid migrate over 3,000 miles in a very year – quite the other land craniate.
  • Northernmost species are abundant lighter in color than species at the southern finish their vary.
  • Reindeer are called caribou in North America.
  • They eat lichen a sort of nonvascular plant, grass and plants.
  • A reindeer will live up to 10 years within the wild.
  • Their noses heat up air before it gets to their lungs and their entire bodies, together with their hooves, are coated with fur.

Reindeer Temperament / Behavior

Reindeer are a very social species. The defensive side of the herd is very developed in reindeer. Caribous tend to make tiny herds and that they appear to measure a quiet existence The instinct to herd is extremely robust in Caribou. They additionally do all right in numerous environments yet as in captivity. They use grunts and alternative sounds to speak with one another.

Reindeer Diet

Reindeer are herbivores, which means they solely eat vegetation. they have a substantial quantity of food to satisfy them. They notice lots to take advantage of throughout the summer months. They consume grass, leaves, and twigs.

However, they conjointly eat the leaves of willows and birches, furthermore as sedges and grasses. Caribou herded by the Chukchis are legendary to devour mushrooms sky-high in late summer. They dig exploitation their antlers and munch on energy-packed lichens referred to as Caribou moss.

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Photo of Reindeer

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