Sea turtle

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Content Overview of Sea turtle

Sea turtle Information

Sea turtles, sometimes called marine turtles, are reptiles of the order testudines. The leatherback is the largest species of sea turtle.

The majority of a sea turtle’s body is protected by its shell: the cuticle and therefore the plastron. The leatherback is that the solely sea turtle that doesn’t have a tough shell. in contrast to alternative turtles, ocean turtles cannot retract their legs and head into their shells. Instead, it bears a mosaic of bony plates beneath its leathery skin.

In general, ocean turtles have a additional fusiform body set up than their terrestrial or fresh counterparts. Their color varies between yellow, greenish and black reckoning on the species.

These creatures are well-adapted to the ocean although they need air to survive. Their size varies greatly, relying upon species.

Distribution and habitat

Sea turtles can be found in oceans except for the polar regions. sea turtles are usually found within the waters over continental shelves. sea turtles are found altogether heat and temperate waters throughout the planet and migrate many miles between nesting and feeding grounds. throughout the primary 3 to 5 years of life, ocean turtles pay most of their time within the water zone floating in alga mats. inexperienced sea turtles especially are typically found in Sargassum bacciferum mats, within which they realize shelter and food. Once the sea turtle has reached adulthood it moves nearer to the shore.

Sea turtle characteristics

The sea turtle is that the largest species of marine turtle. measuring 2–3 meters long, and 1-1.5 m wide , weighing up to 700 kilograms. different species are smaller, being largely 60–120 cm and proportionately narrower. sea turtles area unit large, bodily function reptiles that inhabit tropical and climatic zone seas throughout the world. Their shells accommodates an higher half and a lower section.

Sea turtles are available many various sizes, shapes and colours. The higher shell, or exoskeleton, of every sea turtle species ranges long, color, form and arrangement of scales.

Scientific Name: Chelonioidea
Lifespan:  80 years
Origin:  French
Common Names: marine turtles
Size: 1.8 – 2.2 m
Coat : olive-green, yellow, greenish-brown, reddish-brown, or black in color

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Testudines
  • Suborder: Cryptodira
  • Clade: Americhelydia
  • Clade: Panchelonioidea
  • Superfamily: Chelonioidea

Life cycle of Sea turtle

The sea turtle life cycle starts once a woman lays its eggs on a nesting beach, usually within the tropics. only females come ashore to nest; males seldom come back to land once crawling into the ocean as hatchlings. From six weeks to two months later, atiny low young makes its thanks to the surface and heads to the water, dodging each predator conceivable. Most females nest a minimum of double throughout every mating season; some might nest up to 10 times in an exceedingly season. A feminine won’t nest in consecutive years, usually skipping one or 2 years before returning. it’s theorized that some species will know a hundred years.

Sea turtle Facts

  • Sea turtles are found altogether heat and temperate waters throughout the planet and migrate many miles between nesting and feeding grounds.
  • From leatherbacks to loggerheads, six of the seven species of ocean turtles are threatened or endangered at the hand of humans.
  • These creatures are well-adapted to the ocean although they need air to survive.
  • Their weighs between 80–100 pounds, to the large leatherback, which might weigh quite 1,000 pounds.
  • Sea turtles don’t have teeth, however their jaws have modified “beaks” suited to their particular diet.

Sea turtle Behavior

The Sea turtles pay most of their lives within the water, wherever not much information can be gathered on their behavior. ocean turtles, like salmon, can return to a similar nesting grounds at that they were born. once females come to the shore they dig out a nest within the ground with their back flippers, bury their clutch of eggs and return to the ocean.

Best food for Sea turtle

Sea turtles are omnivorous for their entire life. omnivorous turtles could eat a large sort of plant and animal life as well as decapods, seagrasses, seaweed, sponges, mollusks, cnidarians, echinoderms, worms and fish, jellyfish, crabs, shrimp, snails, algae and mollusks.

The diet of inexperienced turtles changes with age. green ocean turtles have a serrated jaw that’s accustomed eat ocean grass and protoctist.

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Photo of Sea turtle

Image by Pexels from Pixabay

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