Striped hyena

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Information of Striped hyena

The striped hyena is a species of hyena, is a medium sized, scavenging mammal found in Africa, the middle East, West India and the Arabian peninsula. it is the smallest of the true hyenas and retains many primitive viverrid characteristics lost in larger species, having a smaller and less specialised skull. striped hyenas are a bit smaller than spotted and brown hyenas and are the least studied. The striped hyena features prominently in middle eastern and Asian folklore. In some areas, its body parts are thought of wizardly, and are used as charms or talismans. A nocturnal animal, the striped hyena typically only emerges in complete darkness, and is fast to come to its striped hyena before sunrise. the smallest canine in the family hyaenidae is the Aardwolf.

Distribution and habitat

Striped hyaena occurs in open habitat or light thorn bush country in arid to semi-arid environments. These animals avoid open desert, dense thickets and forests. stripy Hyaenas area unit generally found getting ready to dense human settlements. It dens in rocky hills, ravines, and crevices. It conjointly inhabits open savannah areas with dense biome in some regions. stripy hyenas area unit found in india, Pakistan, Israel, state, uzbekistan and tadzhikistan. Egypt, Senegal, Niger, Chad, Mali, Nigeria, central tanzania and Cameroon in the continent of africa.

Striped hyena characteristics

The striped hyena has a fairly large, but short torso set on long legs. The legs are relatively skinny and weak. The neck is thick, long and largely immobile, whereas the pinnacle is serious and big with a shortened facial region. The eyes are tiny, whereas the sharply pointed ears area unit terribly massive, broad and set high on the pinnacle. The tail is brief and also the terminal hairs don’t descend below the sinew.

Adult weight will vary from 22 to 55 kilogram. linear unit will vary from eighty five to 130 cm, and shoulder height is between 60–80 cm. Males and females don’t take issue in average height or length, however males do tend to be slightly heavier. Their coats are usually lightweight gray to beige in color and that they have a black patch on their throat.

Scientific Name: Hyaena hyaena
Lifespan: 12 years
Origin: Central Asia, Africa
Common Names: n/a
Size: 85 – 130 cm
Mass: 22 – 55 kg

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Hyaenidae
  • Genus: Hyaena
  • Species: H. hyaena

Striped hyena Facts

  • The striped hyena is the smallest of the hyenas.
  • Striped hyenas are nocturnal animals. they can hunt in absolute darkness. Hyenas are scavengers.
  • Hyena cubs area unit born blind. they will open their eyes seven – eight days when birth.
  • Striped Hyenas are found in the open savannahs, grasslands, arid mountainous regions and scrub woodlands of west, north and east africa and west to south Asia.
  • They are east africa solitary however generally they type little family teams.
  • They can live up to twelve years within the wild.

Striped hyena Lifecycle / Behavior

The striped hyena is a primarily nocturnal animal, which typically only leaves its den at the onset of total darkness. they are solitary eaters but those having cubs do consider carrying food from the foraging sites. striped hyenas typically live in groups of 1–2 animals, though groups of up to seven animals are known in libya.

When fighting, stripy hyenas can bite at the throat and legs, however avoid the mane, that is a signalling device. behavior isn’t a outstanding feature in striped hyena behavior, however will exist to some extent. when a gestation period of 90 – 92 days a litter of 2 – 4 helpless cubs are born in nesting dens. when 7 – 8 days, the cubs are able to open their eyes and their teeth develop after 3 weeks.

Feeding for Striped hyena

Their powerful jaws and strong teeth are a signal of their carnivorous diet. The striped hyena is primarily a scavenger that feeds primarily on ungulate carcasses in several stages of decomposition, fresh bones, cartilages, ligaments and bone marrow. Some stripy hyenas even go after sheep, goats, donkeys, and horses. It crushes long bones into fine particles and swallows them, although typically entire bones are consumed whole. The striped hyena forages in the main at midnight, singly motion throughout its home territory finding out food in no apparent pattern.

Health and Diseases:

Photo of Striped hyena

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Also Read: Spotted Hyena


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