Syrian Hamster

Syrian Hamster

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The golden hamster or Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) is a rodent relating to the hamster subfamily, Cricetinae. Their natural geographical scale is restricted to a miniature arid precinct of northern Syria and southern Turkey. Their numbers have been diminishing in the wild due to a decline of habitat from agriculture and slow-moving exclusion by humans. Thus, natural golden hamsters are now deemed Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

However, confined breeding plans are well-established, and captive-bred golden hamsters are frequently retained in small house pets. Syrian hamsters are larger than numerous dwarf hamsters held as pocket pets and weigh around the equivalent of a sugar glider. However, the wild European hamster surpasses Syrian hamsters in size. They are also accepted as scientific investigation animals throughout the world.

Content overview

Description

Characteristics

Discovery

Behavior and Temperament

Food and Diet

Exercise

Litter Training

Grooming

Health Problems

Breeding

Description

Golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), a species of hamster generally retained as a pet. The golden (Syrian) hamster is a small rodent that belongs to the Cricetidae family.  Similar to different hamsters, it has a sturdy body with short, stocky legs and short, broad feet with small, pointed claws. The head has little, furry ears and large internal cheek pouches open inside the lips and spread following the shoulders. The tail is short and can be either white or pink.

Golden hamsters are small rodents, ordinarily weighing more than 100 grams (about 3.5 ounces) and holding a body length of 18 cm (7.1 inches); females are normally larger than males. In dense communities and animals indicated “normal variety” by breeders, the short fur is thick and very smooth, with golden brown upperparts and white or cream under parts stretching up onto the body following the head. More enhanced than 120 species have been developed for appropriate coat types.

Characteristics

Syrian Hamster (Golden Hamster) Facts

  • Common Names: Syrian hamster, golden hamster
  • Scientific Name: Mesocricetus auratus
  • Location: Syria and Turkey
  • Color: Gold
  • Skin Type: Fur
  • Lifespan: 2-4 years
  • Weight: 100–225 grams (3.5–8 oz)
  • Length: 5-7 in (12.7-17.78cm)
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Litter Size: 8-20
  • Other Name(s): Golden hamster, teddy bear hamster, standard hamster, fancy hamster
  • Gestation Period: 16 days

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Rodentia
  • Family: Cricetidae
  • Subfamily: Cricetinae
  • Genus: Mesocricetus
  • Species: M. auratus

Discovery

Golden hamsters originated from Syria and were first defined by science in the 1797 second version of The Natural History of Aleppo, a book composed and compiled by two Scottish physicians existing in Syria. The Syrian hamster was then identified as a well-defined variety in 1839 by British zoologist George Robert Waterhouse. Waterhouse’s primary individual was a female hamster; he identified Cricetus auratus or the “golden hamster”.

In 1930, Israel Aharoni, a zoologist and educator at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, caught a mother hamster and her offspring of pups in Aleppo, Syria. The hamsters were developed in Jerusalem as laboratory creatures.

Descendants of the confined hamsters were exported to Britain in 1931, where they appeared beneath the care of the Wellcome Bureau of Scientific Research. They developed great, and two more partners were given to the Zoological Society of London in 1932. A separate stock of hamsters was transported from Syria to the United States in 1971, but obviously, none of today’s North American pets is declined from these.

Since the varieties were identified, the genus Cricetus was partitioned. This species was distributed into the genus Mesocricetus, attending to the currently received scientific name for the golden hamster of Mesocricetus auratus.

Behavior and Temperament

Hamsters are very regional and prejudiced against each other attacks upon each other are conventional. Normally when a female and male engage when the female is in heat, but despite so, the female may attack the male after mating. Moreover, siblings, once mature, may strike one different. In detention, babies are segregated from their mother and affinity after four weeks, as they were sexually matured at four to five weeks old.

Same-sex groups of siblings can stay with each other continuously they are around eight weeks old, at which duration they will enhance their territorial and fight with one another, seldom to death. In detention, they may destroy and consume healthy young due to the pups communicating with humans, for any international fragrance is negotiated as a warning. Females also consume their dead young in the wild.

Golden hamsters identify their burrows with excretions from special fragrance glands on their haunches, termed flank glands. Male hamsters, in special, lick their bodies near the glands, producing damp localities on the fur, and then move their sides along something to point their territory. Females also practice bodily movements and excretions.

Food and Diet

Hamsters savor to consume seeds, grains, nuts, cracked corn, fruits and vegetables. Exuberant hamsters also consume insects, frogs, lizards and additional miniature animals. The Syrian hamster’s nutrition is omnivorous. Hence, it absorbs various food, including seeds, nuts, ants, flies, cockroaches, wasps, and different insects. According to the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies, a restricted hamster’s food should be at least 16 percent protein and 5 percent fat.

Regularly retain a bowl of food in the place, and shed uneaten food later 24 hours. Hamsters typically prefer to graze, collecting food in their cheek pouches and stashing it someplace for later. Your hamster might indeed wake up some times a day to feed and then proceed back to sleep. Whenever you’re serving fresh foods, it’s frequently most satisfying to give them in the evening when your hamster is waking up from its slumber and willing to eat.

Moreover, always implement a reliable source of water for your hamster that you stimulate every day. Several people favor using water bottles because they are simple to preserve healthful. But you also can utilize a lightweight dish for water until your hamster determines to drink from the bottle.

Health Problems

Golden hamsters are commonly healthy animals. However, there are some prohibitions to observe out for. Wet tail, a gastrointestinal disease normally correlated with stress and bacteria generation, is the most prevalent health problem afflicting this hamster. Symptoms embrace lethargy, diarrhea, a loss of appetite, and wetness throughout the tail section. If you presume an infection, bring your hamster to the vet promptly. This problem can have a disastrous result if enabled to fester, but antimicrobials can adequately manage it.

Moreover, some Golden hamsters can generate excessive teeth that execute chewing challenges. You might observe your hamster’s teeth seem slightly longer than normal and that it’s losing weight. A vet can trim the teeth and prescribe ways to sustain the hamster’s dental health by attaching more chewable elements to the enclosure.

Breeding

Golden hamsters are promoted as house pets due to their humble, challenging nature, cuteness, and miniature size. However, these animals have some individual conditions that must be satisfied for them to be healthful. Although some people believe of them as a pet for young children, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals suggests hamsters as pets only for people above age 6, and an adult should manage the child.

The practice of particular breeding of golden hamsters necessitates knowledge of their care, breed exceptions, a method for selective breeding, scheduling the female body cycle, and the strength to maintain a colony of hamsters.

 

Featured Image: Photo by Sharon Snider from Pexels

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