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Content Overview of Tench

History of Tench

The tench or doctor fish (Tinca tinca) is a fresh- and brackish-water fish of the cyprinid family found throughout eurasia from Western Europe including the british Isles east into Asia as far as the Ob and Yenisei Rivers. It normally inhabits slow-moving freshwater habitats, particularly lakes and lowland rivers. In Germany, the tench is called Schlei.

The fish is native to Europe, but has been introduced to the americas, Africa, Australia, and Asia (Alas et al. 2009). Tinca tinca are a significant food source in Europe and highly valued for fishing. There have been many attempts at cultivating and introducing tench into the wild.

Tench were originally cultivated in the us by the united states Bureau of Fisheries beginning around 1883 and were later stocked in different waters. This fish were brought into Washington D.C. in 1885 for cultivation, but in 1888 and 1889 the Potomac flooded in the farm ponds and many tench escaped and spread throughout the water systems in the eastern us. In 1922 tench were brought over from italy by mr. Graviati who created a farming pond in san mateo County, California.

Tinca tinca were additionally intentionally discharged into Lake Washington once they were placed on exhibit in point of entry for the Alaska-Yukon Exposition in 1909. Tinca tinca from the honest were transferred the University of Washington and place in an exceedingly massive pool.

Distribution and habitat

Tench are currently found throughout Europe, their native land, and has been introduced to North America, South America, Africa, Australia, and Asia (Alas et al. 2009). typically in shallow, densely vegetated lakes and backwaters. typically overwinters buried in mud. Spawns among dense vegetation in still water.

Naturally absent only in ireland, Scandinavia north of 6130’N, eastern adriatic basin and western and southern greece where it is now introduced. In Asia, native eastward to western Yenisei drainage south of 60N. Introduced to North and south africa, Tasmania, Australia, New zealand, India, North America, Chile and probably elsewhere. In Asia, native eastward to western Yenisei drainage south of 60° N. Introduced elsewhere.

Tench characteristics

Scientific Name: Tinca tinca
Lifespan: 3 – 7 years
Origin: Western Europe
Common Names: Tench
Size: 27 inches (70 cm)
PH: 6.0-8.0
Temperature: 15-25°C
Water Hardness: 4-10 dGH
Fish type:
Aquarium Size: 10 gallon or larger.
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.

Lifecycle of Tench

Tench Temperament / Behavior

Tinca tinca are predominately a bottom dwelling species and therefore can often be found resting on the bottom near a feature, Tinca tinca love plant life and will often be found within reed beds and underneath lily pads. during Summer when the sun is extremely bright and the top layer of water warms up very quickly they can sometimes be seen basking on the surface. Abnormal tench behaviour would be swimming on the surface during cold months.

Spawning happens, depending on latitude, between could and Sep, at temperatures of 19 20°C. Lays numerous sticky green eggs on plants or on the botton every 1 5 days for 2 months. Incubation at 20°C lasts 3 days. Larvae remain attached to the plants for several days until the vitellus is used up.

How to take care?

Feeding for Tench

Tinca tinca feed mostly at night with a preference for animals, such as chironomids, on the bottom of eutrophic waters and snails and pea clams in well-vegetated waters. when tench are young they feed on small prey items like algae and microscopic organisms. when they are older they switch to larger prey items like aquatic insects and invertebrates such as snails and clams.

Tench have also been found to eat amphipods, mayflies, caddis flies, dragon flies, organic detritus (animal and plant) (Wydoski and Whitney 141-142), and aquatic vegetation (Benzer et al 2010). to achieve natural colours feed a wide variety of natural food, bloodworm, daphnia, worms, maggots, water insects etc., as well as a good sinking Koi food.

Health and Diseases:

There are limited reports of viral infections in Tinca tinca. However, it’s recognised that they are susceptible to similar, if not identical viral diseases of cyprinids, albeit with an atypical picture.

Parasitic diseases are the most frequent diseases diagnosed in Tinca tinca. They are found mainly in tench from warmwater fish farming facilities and from ponds in spring after wintering.

Best food for Tench fish:

To achieve natural colours feed a wide variety of natural food, bloodworm, daphnia, worms, maggots, water insects etc., as well as a good sinking Koi food.

Tench Fish for sale

Tench Fish Price

$5 to $50

Fish box price


Photo of Tench fish

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Read Also : Muskellunge Fish

Reference : Wikipedia

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