One of the most popular and recognizable horse breeds in the world, the Thoroughbred horse is a hot-blooded horse best known for its ability to excel in horseracing. The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed.
Thoroughbreds are extremely athletic and energetic. They are the most popular breed for sport horse competition and they dominate the horse racing industry. Thoroughbred, breed of horse developed in england for racing and jumping (see photograph). The origin of the Thoroughbred may be traced back to records indicating that a stock of Arab and Barb horses was introduced into England as early as the 3rd century.
The Thoroughbred evolved in britain in the 17th and 18th centuries, due to an interest in racing. The Thoroughbred pedigree can be traced back to the bloodlines of the three key Arabian stallions, none of which ever raced.
It is mostly noted for its speed on the race track, but also has great ability in hunting, polo, eventing and jumping. The Thoroughbred has been used to create new breeds of horses and to up-grade others.
Thoroughbred Horse History
The Thoroughbred horse evolved in britain in the 17th and 18th centuries where there was a strong interest in horse racing. The british had been breeding ‘running horses’ for some time and King henry viii founded the first royal racing stables.
Flat racing existed in england by at least 1174, when four-mile races took place at Smithfield, in London. The Thoroughbred horse was developed in england where it was bred for racing and exported across the world. Racing continued at fairs and markets throughout the middle Ages and into the reign of King James I of England. The term “thro-bred” to describe horses was first used in 1713.
With royal support, horse racing became popular with the public, and by 1727, a newspaper devoted to racing, the racing Calendar, was founded. British citizens had already been breeding horses for running, and it was King henry viii who founded the royal racing stables.
This unique breed actually has three founding stallions, which were Arabians. However, even though the Thoroughbred was created with the intention of being used as a racehorse, none of these founding stallions were ever raced.
The foundation stallions of the Thoroughbred breed and years in which they arrived in england were: the Byerly Turki (1689), the Darley Arabian (1705) and the Godolphin Arabian (1728).
Thoroughbred Horse Characteristics
The appearance of the Thoroughbred reveals its Arabian ancestry. This breed features a long neck that is actually slightly longer than the average neck, as well as a refined and chiseled head that showcases widely spaced eyes. The typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands (62 to 68 inches, 157 to 173 cm) high, averaging 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm).
It has a refined head, with widely-spaced, intelligent eyes, a long, arched neck and prominent withers. The fine head of the Thoroughbred Horse also features a straight profile that lacks their ancestors’ Arabian dish. They are most often bay, dark bay or brown, chestnut, black, or gray. Thoroughbreds are classified among the “hot-blooded” breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are usually considered spirited and bold.
Scientific name: Equus ferus caballus
Breed Name: Thoroughbred Horse
Other Name: n/a
Lifespan : 30-35 years
Breed Purpose: racing, show jumping, combined training, dressage, polo, and fox hunting
Breed Size: 15 – 17 hands
Weight: up to 1000lb
Coat Color: gray, bay, dark bay, roan, chestnut, white, buckskin, black, perlino, palomino, cremello, and brown
Country/Place of Origin: England
What is use Thoroughbred Horse?
Many Thoroughbreds are currently being bred as riding horses solely. Although the Thoroughbred is primarily bred for sport, the breed is additionally used for show jumping and combined coaching, riding horses, dressage horses, and youth show horses. The breed is commonly used to add refinement and strenuosity to several pony, warmblood and draft horse breeds.
The larger horses are asked for for hunter/jumper and equestrian sport competitions, whereas the smaller horses are in demand as polo ponies. Several sporthorses have Thoroughbreds in their ancestry. Thoroughbred Arabian crosses are known as Anglo-Arabs. The Thoroughbred has been used to produce new breeds of horses and to up-grade others.
How to tack care Thoroughbred Horse?
These horses are very well fed and very well taken care of. To most trainers, riders and grooms these horses represent their livelihood and a way of life. Horses also prosper under a daily routine and feeding schedule. These animals are usually heavily grained and require much more grain than most other horses.
Just like athletes, ice and heat therapy help horses ease their aches and pains. putting a horse’s legs in an ice bath every day helps with joint and ligament inflammation (heat and swelling). Infrared blankets help the horse by increasing blood flow to the sore area and decreasing aches. Grooms are the people that take care of the horses’ daily needs.
Grooming & Feeding
The frequency of feeding and the type of horse feed you’ll use depends strongly on your horse’s intended purpose. Docile animals expected to remain relatively inactive will be fine with two daily feedings, whereas active horses may require more and/or specialized food.
When grooming a Thoroughbred, you should be gentle because this is a breed with a thinner skin than other breeds, so they are more sensitive and can become irritated more easily. At minimum, you should provide your pet with daily hoof care to prevent foot infections. A weekly brushing will suffice unless the horse is a show animal, in which case you’ll want to be particularly vigilant about clippings, dressings and polishes.
Advantages of Thoroughbred Horse
- The Thoroughbred is known for its use in horse racing.
- Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed.
- Thoroughbreds are also used for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage, polo, and fox hunting.
- They are also commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, and have been influential in the creation of the quarter horse, Standardbred, Anglo-Arabian, and various warmblood breeds.
Disadvantages of Thoroughbred Horse
Although Thoroughbreds are seen in the hunter-jumper world and in other disciplines, modern. Thoroughbreds are primarily bred for speed, and racehorses have a very high rate of accidents as well as other health problems. Orthopedic issues are common, as are low fertility rates and cardiac problems. Most cardiac issues stem from the fact that many thoroughbred horses have abnormally small hearts.
One argument for the health issues involving Thoroughbreds suggests that inbreeding is the culprit. If the injury is linked to a conformational fault, the fault is likely to be passed to the next generation. Additionally, some breeders will have a veterinarian perform straightening procedures on a horse with crooked legs.
Thoroughbred Horse facts
- The first Thoroughbred to arrive in America was a stallion named Bulle Rock, by the Darley Arabian.
- He was imported to Virginia in 1730 by samuel Gist.
- It makes a wonderful companion for experienced riders who enjoy racing and a range of other equine activities.
- These horses are highly intelligent, and they also have a strong work ethic.
- The typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands high, averaging 16 hands.
- They are most often bay, dark bay or brown, chestnut, black, or gray.
- White is very rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray.
Thoroughbred Horse price
Depend on the breed.
Thoroughbred Horse for Sale
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Thoroughbred Horse pictures
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Read Also: Appaloosa Horse
Reference : wikipedia.org