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Content Overview of Turbot

History of Turbot

Turbot are large flatfish that easily change their outer coloring to match the sea floor. Its name comes via old french turbot from old Swedish törnbut ‘turbot’. The name presumably alludes to the bony nodules on the fish’s back. Turbot aquaculture commenced in the 1970s in scotland (UK). it was subsequently introduced to France and to spain. At first, the number of installations in spain was rather limited due to the scarceness of juveniles. The technological development of juvenile production changes this. At the start of the 1990s, there have been already 16 producers in spain. a major crisis in turbot culture occurred in 1992.

This crisis caused the closure of some farms. From that moment onward a reorganization of the sector began, that gave rise to a growth each in production and within the variety of nations wherever Scophthalmus maximus is farmed. The natural distribution of the turbot includes coastal waters of of these countries. Turbot has additionally been introduced to different regions (notably Chile within the late 1980s) and, a lot of recently, China.

Distribution and habitat

Turbot is a benthic marine species, The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) is a large left-eyed flatfish found primarily close to shore in sandy shallow waters throughout the Mediterranean, the baltic sea, the black sea and the north atlantic. Younger individuals tend to live in shallower areas.

Found within the north atlantic, the Mediterranean and also the sea. The turbot found within the East Atlantic may be a totally different species, fish genus maximus, however otherwise is analogous. The Scophthalmus maximus has associate asymmetrical disk-shaped body, and has been proverbial to grow old to one hundred cm (39 in) long and 25 kg (55 lb) in weight.

A true seafish, the Scophthalmus maximus doesn’t tolerate low salinity likewise because the flounder. Found primarily off the southwest coast, often turns up within the northern Gulf of Botnia and eastern Gulf of finland.

Turbot characteristics

Scientific Name: Scophthalmus maximus
Lifespan: 20 years (Max)
Origin: North Atlantic, Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Common Names: True turbot, European turbot
Size: 25–40 cm
PH: 7 – 8
Temperature: 18-20 ºC
Water Hardness: 10° to 20° DH,
Fish type:
Aquarium Size:
Tank Mates: Many, given their peaceful nature.

Lifecycle of Turbot

A large, rounded flatfish with a broad body only one and a half times as long as wide. usually 50-80 cm in length but will occasionally reach up to 1 m in length. Spawning (sequenced, every 2-4 days) usually takes place between february and april inclusive in the Mediterranean, and between may and july inclusive in the Atlantic. Eggs have a single fat drop. The eggs float provided the water has a salinity of at least 0.6-0.7%, spawning thus being restricted to the southwest archipelago and south of the Åland islands. The larvae are found near the surface drifting with this, and this might have helped Scophthalmus maximus to unfold to Finnish waters.

It is typically a boring sandy-brown to gray, with minute brown, achromatic or chromatic specks scattered over the body and lengthening onto the fins. In summer Scophthalmus maximus inhabit water simply a couple of metres deep among vegetation on a sandy or muddy bottom. They migrate to deeper water (20-30 m) in winter.

Turbot Temperament / Behavior

They are flat, roundish-oval salt-water fish that are sandy-brown colored on their prime facet, and white on their undersides. It lives at depths down to 260 feet (80 metres.) once at rest, it’ll usually barely itself partially within the seabed.

Turbot Facts & Appearance

Turbot fish prefers muddy and sandy seabeds. Differs from the flounder in this its eyes are normally on the left side of the top. Body form additionally differs, the Scophthalmus maximus being virtually spherical however, with fins erect, seems somewhat square. The mouth is far larger than that of other Finnish flatfish and contains sharp teeth. It has a rounded diamond-shaped body which is scale-less and speckled brown on the back with a white underbelly.

It grows upto one meter (40 inches) long and weighs 25 kilograms (55 pounds). Scophthalmus maximus becomes mature sexually in 3 to 5 years recent and spawning takes place from april to August. The feminine produce 10 to 15 million of eggs. It resides on somewhat salty waters. Scophthalmus maximus are best distinguishe from brill by the numerous sharp bony tubercles on the higher (eye) aspect, these being absent from brill.

How to take care?

Feeding for Turbot

Carnivorous, juveniles feeding on molluscs and crustaceans, and adults mainly on fish and cephalopods. The recently hatched larvae feed from their vitelline reserves; mouth opening occurs on day 3. Feeding is based on rotifers and artemia. Feed mainly on other bottom-living fishes (sand-eels, gobies, etc.), and also, to a lesser extent, on larger crustaceans and bivalves.

Health and Diseases:

In Scophthalmus maximus fish diseases include such as Trichodiniasis ,Scuticociliatosis, Microsporidiosis, Myxosporidiosis, Flexibacteriosis, Furunculosis, Streptococcosis, Vibriosis.

Best food for Turbot fish:

The Turbot lay buried in the seabed much of the time waiting for prey to come close enough to pounce upon. Small fish and crustaceans, significantly shrimp, form up the majority of the diet, though they will also take other locally accessible prey.

Turbot Fish for sale

Turbot Fish Price

Us $75

Scophthalmus maximus Fish box price

Photo of Turbot fish

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Read  Also : Mahi Mahi Fish

Reference : Wikipedia


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