Turkey bird

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Turkey bird

The turkey bird is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Galliformes
  • Family: Phasianidae
  • Subfamily: Meleagridinae
  • Genus: Meleagris


Domestication of the common turkey was probably begun by the Indians of pre-Columbian Mexico. The birds were first taken to Spain about 1519, and from Spain they spread throughout Europe, reaching England in 1541.

When the bird became popular in England, the name turkey-cock, formerly used for the guinea fowl of Islamic (or “Turkish”) lands, was transferred to it. English colonists then introduced European-bred strains of the turkey to eastern North America in the 17th century. Turkeys were mainly bred for their beautifully coloured plumage until about 1935, after which the breeding emphasis changed to their meat qualities.


  • The turkey is almost certainly named for Turkey.
  • Benjamin Franklin didn’t actually suggest the turkey be crowned the national bird of the U.S.
  • Turkeys can be pretty aggressive, especially during mating season.
  • Wild and domestic turkeys are the same species.
  • Only males gobble.


The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes. It is the same species as the domestic turkey, which was originally derived from a southern Mexican subspecies of wild turkey.

The eastern subspecies of wild turkey is found more throughout the panhandle of Florida. Both species prefer to be around areas with vegetation that is no more than three feet tall. This allows the turkeys to use their long necks to see through or over the vegetation to check for predators.

Turkey bird farming in india

Turkey farming is in infancy in India. However, serious efforts are being made at Central Poultry Development Organisation (Southern Region), Hessarghatta, Bangalore to promote turkey farming. Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the leading states in turkey production. Turkey farming is getting popular fast in southern regions.

Turkey bird images

Image by Tracey O’Brien from Pixabay

Also more: Rhombomys opimus

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